Optical absorption of polarized light in InAs/GaSb quantum wells

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Using an eight-band k . p model Hamiltonian with the Burt-Foreman envelope function theory, we have investigated the optical absorption of both linearly and circularly polarized light, as well as related phenomena in InAs/GaSb broken-gap quantum wells grown along the [0 0 1] direction, with emphasis on the effects of electron-hole hybridization and the various symmetry-breaking mechanisms such as structural inversion asymmetry, bulk inversion asymmetry and interface Hamiltonian. The optical matrix elements exhibit unusual angular dependence in close connection with the spin-flip transitions which are originally forbidden. The spin split of the 2e subband results in two profound absorption peaks for the 1hh-2e transition for both linearly polarized and circularly polarized light. A large lateral optical anisotropy appears in the absorption coefficient of linearly polarized light, which can reach almost 100% with a reducing thickness of the quantum well. For the absorption of circularly polarized light, we found a large enhancement of electron spin polarization in the upper 2e subband, which was generally considered as forbidden if the polarization is along the direction perpendicular to the plane-of-light incidence.


  • A. Zakharova
  • I. Semenikhin
  • Koung-An Chao
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Den kondenserade materiens fysik
TidskriftSemiconductor Science and Technology
Utgåva nummer12
StatusPublished - 2008
Peer review utfördJa