Osmotic pressure: resisting or promoting DNA ejection from phage?

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Recent in vitro experiments have shown that DNA ejection from bacteriophage can be partially stopped by surrounding osmotic pressure when ejected DNA is digested by DNase I in the course of ejection. In this work, we argue by a combination of experimental techniques (osmotic suppression without DNase I monitored by UV absorbance, pulse-field electrophoresis, and cryo-transmission electron microscopy visualization) and simple scaling modeling that intact genome (i.e., undigested) ejection in a crowded environment is, on the contrary, enhanced or eventually complete with the help of a pulling force resulting from DNA condensation induced by the osmotic stress itself. This demonstrates that in vivo, the osmotically stressed cell cytoplasm will promote phage DNA ejection rather than resist it. The further addition of DNA-binding proteins under crowding conditions is shown to enhance the extent of ejection. We also found some optimal crowding conditions for which DNA content remaining in the capsid upon ejection is maximum, which correlates well with the optimal conditions of maximum DNA packaging efficiency into viral capsids observed almost 20 years ago. Biological consequences of this finding are discussed.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biologiska vetenskaper


Sidor (från-till)310-323
TidskriftJournal of Molecular Biology
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2008
Peer review utfördJa