Performance of phosphonated hydrocarbon ionomer in the fuel cell cathode catalyst layer

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Inexpensive and environmentally friendly electrolyte polymers that can be operated at higher temperatures and drier conditions are highly interesting for PEM fuel cells for automotive, portable power and stationary electricity generation applications. In this study an ionomer based on polysulfone grafted with poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PSUgPVPA) in the cathode Pt/C catalyst layer was electrochemically characterized and compared to Nafion. The performance at different levels of humidity at 80◦C was evaluated by polarization measurements, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results show that the performance of the PSUgPVPA-based cathode catalyst layer is comparable to that of Nafion at 100% relative humidity (RH) but with some instabilities. However, at drier conditions significant losses of performance for the PSUgPVPA-based cathode was observed. This could be an effect of catalyst poisoning by the ionomer interfering with ORR. However, the concomitant decrease of the electrochemical surface area, double layer capacitance and increased imaginary impedance, indicate that the poorer performance at low humidity is mainly an effect of reduced catalyst wetting by the ionomer in combination with the decreased proton conduction in the ionomeric phase.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Rakel Wreland Lindström
  • Alejandro Oyarce
  • Luis Guerrero Aguinaga
  • Diego Ubeda
  • Mark Ingratta
  • Patric Jannasch
  • Göran Lindbergh
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kemi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)F269-F277
TidskriftJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volym160
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 2013
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa