Phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by macrophages in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated systemic vasculitis.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of autoimmune diseases, including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). It is not known why ANCA develop, but it has been shown that they participate in pathogenesis by activating polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). In this study we hypothesize that dysregulation of phagocytosis in AAV leads to the accumulation of apoptotic neutrophils seen in association with blood vessels in AAV. These cells progress into secondary necrosis, contributing to tissue damage and autoantibody formation. Peripheral blood cells were counted, and phagocytosis was investigated using monocyte-derived macrophages (MØ) and PMNs from healthy blood donors (HBD), AAV patients and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Furthermore, the effect of serum was assessed. Phagocytosis was measured using flow cytometry. The results showed no deviation in monocyte subpopulations for AAV patients compared to HBDs, although there was a decrease in lymphocyte and pDC (plasmacytoid dendritic cell) populations (4·2 × 10(6) cells/l versus 10·4 × 10(6) cells/l, P < 0·001). The number of neutrophils was increased (6·0 × 10(9) cells/l versus 3·8 × 10(9) cells/l, P < 0·001). There were no differences found in the ability of MØs to engulf apoptotic cells, nor when comparing apoptotic PMNs to become engulfed. However, serum from AAV donors tended to decrease the phagocytosis ability of MØs (36%) compared to serum from HBDs (43%). In conclusion, there is no intrinsic dysfunction in the MØs or in the PMNs that have an effect on phagocytic activity, but ANCA may play a role by decreasing phagocytic ability.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)47-56
TidskriftClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volym170
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2012
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Susanne Ohlsson, 2014, Department of Nephrology, Lund University. 72 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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