Phase Behavior of Bowl-Shaped Colloids: Order and Dynamics in Plastic Crystals and Glasses

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Abstract

Charged fluorescent bowl-shaped colloids consisting of a polystyrene core surrounded by a poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) shell are obtained by nanoengineering spherical composite microgels. The phase diagram of these soft bowl-shaped colloids interacting through long-range Yukawa-type interactions is investigated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. The bowl-shaped structure leads to marked differences in phase-behavior compared to their spherical counterpart. With increasing number density, a transition from a fluid to a plastic crystal phase, with freely rotating particles, followed by a glass-like state is observed. It is found that the anisotropic bowl shape frustrates crystallization and slows down crystallization kinetics and causes the glass-like transition to shift to a significantly lower volume fraction than for the spheres. Quantitative analysis of the positional and orientational order demonstrates that the plastic crystal phase exhibits quasi-long range translational order and orientational disorder, while in the disordered glass-like phase the long-range translational order vanishes and short-range rotational order appears, dictated by the specific bowl shape. It is further shown that the different structural transitions are characterized by decoupling of the translational and orientational dynamics.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Konstanz
  • RWTH Aachen University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Materialkemi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer1802049
TidskriftSmall
Volym14
Utgåva nummer46
Tidigt onlinedatum2018 aug 15
StatusPublished - 2018
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa