Platelet and adipocyte thermogenesis in hypothyroid patients: a microcalorimetric study

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Abstract

Direct microcalorimetry was used for measurements of heat production in cell suspensions of platelets and adipocytes, obtained from hypothyroid patients before and after 3 months on full L-thyroxine substitution. Platelet heat production was significantly lower than normal before treatment and increased in all 10 patients studied; the mean value increased from 51.3 +/- 1.6 fW/cell before to 57.1 +/- 1.8 fW/cell after therapy (P less than 0.001). Similarily, adipocyte heat production was initially significantly lower than normal and increased during treatment in all 6 patients investigated. The mean value for heat production per adipocyte was 18.8 +/- 1.7 pW/cell before and 32.4 +/- 2.5 pW/cell after therapy (P less than 0.025), which is still below the level recorded in lean healthy subjects. The adipocyte size did not change significantly. The increase in adipocyte heat production was correlated to the increase in S-triiodothyronine levels (r = 0.84, P less than 0.05). In hypothyroidism, the total metabolic activity seems to be comparatively more reduced in adipocytes than in platelets. A difference may exist between these cells with regard to recovery of normal metabolic activity during treatment for hypothyroidism. Direct microcalorimetry appears to be an adequate method for monitoring net metabolic effects of thyroid hormones in these cells.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Läkemedelskemi
  • Farmakologi och toxikologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)361-366
TidskriftActa Endocrinologica
Volym108
Utgivningsnummer3
StatusPublished - 1985
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa