Platelets inhibit erythrocyte invasion by Plasmodium falciparum at physiological platelet:erythrocyte ratios

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of platelet:erythrocyte (P:E) ratios on Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte invasion.

BACKGROUND: Recent reports have shown that platelets are directly involved in the immune response towards P. falciparum during erythrocyte invasion. However, the literature both supports and conflicts with a role for platelets in limiting invasion. Also, the effect of platelet numbers on invasion (parasitemia) has not been thoroughly investigated.

METHODS/MATERIALS: The P. falciparum strains FCR3S1.2 and W2mef were cultured with group O erythrocytes. The cultures were synchronised and supplemented with pooled platelets at P:E ratios ranging from 1:100 to 1:2. Parasitemia was measured at 40 h by flow cytometry and by microscopy of blood smears.

RESULTS: A linear relationship was observed between reduced invasion and increased platelet numbers at P:E ratios ranging from 1:100 to 1:20. However, this effect was reversed at lower ratios (1:10-1:2). Microscopic evaluation revealed aggregation and attachment of platelets to erythrocytes, but not specifically to parasitised erythrocytes.

CONCLUSION: We have shown that under physiological P:E ratios (approx. 1:10-1:40), platelets inhibited P. falciparum invasion in a dose-dependent manner. At ratios of 1:10 and below, platelets did not further increase the inhibitory effect and, although the trend was reversed, inhibition was still maintained.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Sanquin Research
  • University of Amsterdam & Bon Stafleu van Stoghum
  • Region Skåne
  • University of Phayao
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftTransfusion Medicine
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2021 maj 13
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa