Population pharmacokinetic modeling for dose setting of nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP), a glycoPEGylated recombinant factor IX.

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title = "Population pharmacokinetic modeling for dose setting of nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP), a glycoPEGylated recombinant factor IX.",
abstract = "Background: nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP) is a glycoPEGylated recombinant factor IX (rFIX) molecule with a prolonged half-life. Objectives: To provide information on potential dose regimens for N9-GP for phase 3 pivotal and surgery trials. Methods: A population pharmacokinetic model was developed from single-dose data derived from the first human dose trial with N9-GP in hemophilia B patients, and was used to extrapolate to steady-state conditions for different N9-GP dose regimens for prophylaxis. The model was also used to compare prophylaxis using N9-GP with standard prophylactic regimens using rFIX or plasma-derived (pd) FIX (40 IU/kg every third day). Plasma activity following dosing with N9-GP, rFIX, and pdFIX for surgery and on-demand treatment of bleeds was also simulated. Results: A linear two-compartmental model best described the pharmacokinetic profiles of N9-GP, rFIX, and pdFIX. A prophylactic regimen of 10 U/kg N9-GP once weekly predicted mean peak and trough levels of 18 and 4.2 U/dL, while 40 U/kg once weekly predicted values of 72 and 17 U/dL, respectively. Standard prophylactic regimens with rFIX and pdFIX predicted mean peak and trough levels of 34 and 3.9 IU/dL for rFIX, and mean values of 43 and 2.1 IU/dL for pdFIX. Additional simulations predicted significantly reduced dosing frequency and factor concentrate consumption for N9-GP versus rFIX and pdFIX for surgery and the treatment of bleeds. Conclusions: N9-GP may allow prophylaxis, surgical dosing regimens, and on-demand treatment of bleeding episodes with less frequent injections and lower factor concentrate consumption; this possibility is being investigated in prospective clinical trials. {\circledC} 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.",
author = "Collins, {P W} and J M{\o}ss and Karin Knobe and A Groth and T Colberg and E Watson",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1111/jth.12000",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "2305--2312",
journal = "Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis",
issn = "1538-7933",
publisher = "Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "11",