Posterior approach and uncemented stems increases the risk of reoperation after hemiarthroplasties in elderly hip fracture patients.

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Abstract

Background Hemiarthroplasties are performed in great numbers worldwide but are seldom registered on a national basis. Our aim was to identify risk factors for reoperation after fracture-related hemiarthroplasty in Norway and Sweden. Material and methods A common dataset was created based on the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register and the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register. 33,205 hip fractures in individuals > 60 years of age treated with modular hemiarthroplasties were reported for the period 2005-2010. Cox regression analyses based on reoperations were performed (covariates: age group, sex, type of stem and implant head, surgical approach, and hospital volume). Results 1,164 patients (3.5%) were reoperated during a mean follow-up of 2.7 (SD 1.7) years. In patients over 85 years, an increased risk of reoperation was found for uncemented stems (HR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.7-2.8), bipolar heads (HR = 1.4, CI: 1.2-1.8), posterior approach (HR = 1.4, CI: 1.2-1.8) and male sex (HR = 1.3, CI: 1.0-1.6). For patients aged 75-85 years, uncemented stems (HR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.2-2.0) and men (HR = 1.3, CI: 1.1-1.6) carried an increased risk. Increased risk of reoperation due to infection was found for patients aged < 75 years (HR = 1.5, CI: 1.1-2.0) and for uncemented stems. For open surgery due to dislocation, the strongest risk factor was a posterior approach (HR = 2.2, CI: 1.8-2.6). Uncemented stems in particular (HR = 3.6, CI: 2.4-5.3) and male sex increased the risk of periprosthetic fracture surgery. Interpretation Cemented stems and a direct lateral transgluteal approach reduced the risk of reoperation after hip fractures treated with hemiarthroplasty in patients over 75 years. Men and younger patients had a higher risk of reoperation. For the age group 60-74 years, there were no such differences in risk in this material.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Cecilia Rogmark
  • Anne M Fenstad
  • Olof Leonardsson
  • Lars B Engesæter
  • Johan Kärrholm
  • Ove Furnes
  • Göran Garellick
  • Jan-Erik Gjertsen
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ortopedi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)18-25
TidskriftActa Orthopaedica
Volym85
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2014
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa