Pre-operative plasma cell-free circulating tumor DNA and serum protein tumor markers as predictors of lung adenocarcinoma recurrence

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Abstract

Background: Lung cancer patients have a risk of recurrence even after curatively intended surgery. Cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor marker measurements are easily accessible through peripheral blood and could potentially identify patients with worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to examine ctDNA in pre-operative plasma and the role of tumor markers in pre-operative serum for their predictive potential on risk of tumor recurrence. Methods: Mutation analysis by 26-gene targeted sequencing was performed on 157 lung adenocarcinomas (ACs) from patients surgically treated at the Lund University Hospital 2005–2014. Of these, 58 tumors from patients in stages I–IIIA (34 stage I, 14 stage II and 10 stage III) with mutation(s) in EGFR, BRAF or KRAS were included. ctDNA from corresponding plasma (median 1.5 ml, range 1–1.6) was analyzed for one tumor-specific mutation in either of these three oncogenes using ultrasensitive IBSAFE droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). The tumor markers cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) were analyzed in corresponding serum with electrochemiluminiscence immunoassay. Results: 6/7 patients with ctDNA and 19/51 without detected ctDNA were diagnosed with recurrence (log-rank test p =.001). 8/10 patients with positive serum tumor markers and 17/47 without tumor markers were diagnosed with recurrence (log-rank test, p =.0002). Fifteen patients had positive ctDNA and/or tumor markers, 12 of these had recurrence (log-rank test, p <.0001). Conclusion: A combination of tumor markers and ctDNA single mutation detection in low-volume pre-operative blood samples is a promising prognostic test. Prediction of recurrent disease in surgically treated early stage lung cancer can likely be further improved by using larger volumes of blood.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Regional Laboratories Region Skåne
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1079-1086
Antal sidor9
TidskriftActa Oncologica
Volym58
Utgivningsnummer8
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa