Presence of 3 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and 3,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine in a coelenterate nervous system: possible tyrosinase-mediated accumulation.

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3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), 3,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine (5-OH-DOPA), 5-S-cysteinylDOPA (5-SC.D) and 2-S-cysteinylDOPA (2-SC.D) in the tentacles of the sea anemone, Metridium senile, were studied by the combined use of differential centrifugation of tissue homogenates, ultracentrifugation on sucrose density gradients, HPLC and electron microscopy. DOPA, 5-OH-DOPA and o-diphenol:O2 oxidoreductase (Tyrosinase) were enriched in fractions containing membranes and subcellular particles, and the cysteinylDOPAs in the cytosol fractions. Ultrastructurally studied fractions rich in DOPA and 5-OH-DOPA contained large numbers of highly osmium-reducing vesicles. Identical structures were localized in ectodermal nerves and epidermal sensory cells.

The results suggest that previous findings of catecholderivatives in the tentacles of Metridium and other sea anemone species by histochemical methods, are explained by a tyrosinase-based accumulation of DOPA and 5-OH-DOPA in the ectodermal nerve net. These substances are confined in specific compartments (vesicles) in the neurons and sensory cells.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Lund University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Zoologi
Sidor (från-till)161-167
TidskriftNeurochemistry International
StatusPublished - 1987
Peer review utfördJa