Prevalence and incidence of non-gout crystal arthropathy in southern Sweden

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Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of non-gout crystal arthropathy in relation to socioeconomic factors in southern Sweden. Methods: All patients (age ≥ 18 years) with at least one visit to a physician with the diagnosis of interest in the Skåne region (population of 1.3 million) in 1998-2014 were identified. Non-gout crystal arthropathy (ICD-10 codes M11.0-M11.9) was subclassified in four different groups: Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition related arthropathy (CPPD), unspecified non-gout arthropathies, chondrocalcinosis, and hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease. The crude and age-adjusted point prevalence on December 31, 2014, and the cumulative incidence during 2014 were calculated for all non-gout crystal arthropathies, CPPD, and other unspecified non-gout arthropathies overall and in relation to occupation, income, and level of education. Results: The crude 2014 point prevalence (95% CI) and 2014 cumulative incidence (95% CI) of all non-gout crystal arthropathies were 0.23% (0.23-0.24) and 21.5 (19-25) cases/100,000 persons. Mean age (range) among all prevalent cases in 2014 was 71 (20-102) years and 56% were males. The point prevalence and cumulative incidence of CPPD were 0.09% (0.08-0.09) and 8 (7-10)/100,000 persons, respectively. The corresponding data for unspecified non-gout crystal deposition disease was 0.16% (0.16-0.17) and 15.6 (13-18)/100,000 persons, respectively. The prevalence and incidence of CPPD and unspecified non-gout crystal arthropathies were slightly higher in men and increased with age irrespective of gender. Unspecified non-gout crystal arthropathy but not CPPD was less prevalent in persons with ≥ 15 years of education, whereas there were no clear associations with occupation and income. Conclusion: The prevalence of all diagnosed non-gout crystal arthropathies was 0.23%, thus considerably less prevalent than gout in southern Sweden. CPPD and other unspecified non-gout crystal arthropathies are the predominant diagnoses, increasing with age and in men. With the exception for unspecified non-gout crystal arthropathies being inversely correlated to a higher level of education, no convincing association with the socioeconomic factors was found.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Boston University
  • Göteborgs universitet
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Reumatologi och inflammation
  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer291
TidskriftArthritis Research and Therapy
Volym21
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2019 dec 17
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa