Primary HIV-1 R5 isolates from end-stage disease display enhanced viral fitness in parallel with increased gp120 net charge.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


To better understand the evolution of the viral envelope glycoproteins (Env) in HIV-1 infected individuals who progress to AIDS maintaining an exclusive CCR5-using (R5) virus population, we cloned and sequenced the env gene of longitudinally obtained primary isolates. A shift in the electrostatic potential towards an increased net positive charge was revealed in gp120 of end-stage viruses. Residues with increased positive charge were primarily localized in the gp120 variable regions, with the exception of the V3 loop. Molecular modeling indicated that the modifications clustered on the gp120 surface. Furthermore, correlations between increased Env net charge and lowered CD4(+) T cell counts, enhanced viral fitness, reduced sensitivity to entry inhibitors and augmented cell attachment were disclosed. In summary, this study suggests that R5 HIV-1 variants with increased gp120 net charge emerge in an opportunistic manner during severe immunodeficiency. Thus, we here propose a new mechanism by which HIV-1 may gain fitness.


  • Johanna Repits
  • Jasminka Sterjovski
  • Daniel Badia-Martinez
  • Mattias Mild
  • Lachlan Gray
  • Melissa J Churchill
  • Damian F J Purcell
  • Anders Karlsson
  • Jan Albert
  • Eva Maria Fenyö
  • Adnane Achour
  • Paul R Gorry
  • Marianne Jansson
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Sidor (från-till)125-134
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2008
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Johanna Repits, 2008, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University. 120 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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