PRKAR1A inactivation leads to increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis in human B lymphocytes

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The multiple neoplasia syndrome Carney complex (CNC) is caused by heterozygote mutations in the gene, which codes for the RIα regulatory subunit (PRKAR1A) of protein kinase A. Inactivation of PRKAR1A and the additional loss of the normal allele lead to tumors in CNC patients and increased cyclic AMP signaling in their cells, but the oncogenetic mechanisms in affected tissues remain unknown. Previous studies suggested that PRKAR1A down-regulation may lead to increased mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling. Here, we show that, in lymphocytes with PRKAR1A-inactivating mutations, there is increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 and B-raf phosphorylation and MAPK/ERK kinase 1/2 and c-Myc activation, whereas c-Raf-1 is inhibited. These changes are accompanied by increased cell cycle rates and decreased apoptosis that result in an overall net gain in proliferation and survival. In conclusion, inactivation of PRKAR1A leads to widespread changes in molecular pathways that control cell cycle and apoptosis. This is the first study to show that human cells with partially inactivated RIα levels have increased proliferation and survival, suggesting that loss of the normal allele in these cells is not necessary for these changes to occur.


  • Audrey J. Robinson-White
  • Wolfgang W. Leitner
  • Eiman Aleem
  • Philipp Kaldis
  • Ioannis Bossis
  • Constantine A. Stratakis
Externa organisationer
  • National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • National Cancer Institute
  • National Cancer Institute at Frederick
Sidor (från-till)10603-10612
TidskriftCancer Research
Utgåva nummer21
StatusPublished - 2006 nov 1
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa