Progressive increase of the Tpeak-Tend interval is associated with ischaemia-induced ventricular fibrillation in a porcine myocardial infarction model

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Abstract

Aims:Repolarization indices of ECG have been widely assessed as predictors of ventricular arrhythmias. However, little is known of the dynamic changes of these parameters during continuous monitoring in acute ischaemic episodes. The objective of the study was to evaluate repolarization-related predictors of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during progression of experimental myocardial infarction. Methods and results: Myocardial infarction was induced in 27 pigs by 40-min balloon inflation in the left anterior descending coronary artery, and 12-lead ECG was continuously recorded. Rate-corrected durations of the total Tpeak-Tend intervals measured from the earliest T-wave peak to the latest T-wave end in any lead were determined at baseline and at minute 1, 2, 5, and then every 5th minute of occlusion. There were 7 early (1-3 min) and 10 delayed (15-30 min) VFs in 16 pigs. Baseline Tpeak-Tend did not differ between animals with and without VF. Tpeak-Tend interval rapidly increased immediately after balloon inflation and was greater in VF-susceptible animals at 2-15 min compared with the animals that never developed VF (P < 0.05). Tpeak-Tend was tested as a predictor of delayed VFs. Median Tpeak-Tend at 10th min of occlusion was higher in delayed VF group (n = 10) than in animals without VF (n = 11): 138 [IQR 121-148] ms vs. 111 [IQR 106-127] ms, P = 0.02. Tpeak-Tend ≥123 ms (10th min) predicted delayed VF episodes with HR = 4.5 95% CI 1.1-17.8, P = 0.031.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Syktyvkar State University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University
  • Komi Science Center, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Almazov Medical Research Center
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)880-886
Antal sidor7
TidskriftEuropace
Volym20
Utgivningsnummer5
StatusPublished - 2018 maj 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa