Prominent Binding of Human and Equine Fibrinogen to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus Is Mediated by Specific SzM Types and Is a Distinct Phenotype of Zoonotic Isolates

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Prominent Binding of Human and Equine Fibrinogen to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus Is Mediated by Specific SzM Types and Is a Distinct Phenotype of Zoonotic Isolates. / Bergmann, René; Jentsch, Maria Christin; Uhlig, Albrecht; Müller, Uwe; van der Linden, Mark; Rasmussen, Magnus; Waller, Andrew; von Köckritz-Blickwede, Maren; Baums, Christoph Georg.

I: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 88, Nr. 1, e00559-19, 01.2020.

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Bergmann, René ; Jentsch, Maria Christin ; Uhlig, Albrecht ; Müller, Uwe ; van der Linden, Mark ; Rasmussen, Magnus ; Waller, Andrew ; von Köckritz-Blickwede, Maren ; Baums, Christoph Georg. / Prominent Binding of Human and Equine Fibrinogen to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus Is Mediated by Specific SzM Types and Is a Distinct Phenotype of Zoonotic Isolates. I: Infection and Immunity. 2020 ; Vol. 88, Nr. 1.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Prominent Binding of Human and Equine Fibrinogen to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus Is Mediated by Specific SzM Types and Is a Distinct Phenotype of Zoonotic Isolates

AU - Bergmann, René

AU - Jentsch, Maria Christin

AU - Uhlig, Albrecht

AU - Müller, Uwe

AU - van der Linden, Mark

AU - Rasmussen, Magnus

AU - Waller, Andrew

AU - von Köckritz-Blickwede, Maren

AU - Baums, Christoph Georg

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is an important pathogen in horses that causes severe diseases such as pneumonia and abortion. Furthermore, it is a zoonotic agent, and contact with horses is a known risk factor. In this study, we investigated the working hypothesis that the zoonotic potential varies among S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus strains in association with differences in M-like protein-mediated binding of host plasma proteins. We demonstrate via in-frame deletion mutagenesis of two different S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus strains that the M-like protein SzM is crucial for the binding of fibrinogen to the bacterial surface and for survival in equine and human blood. S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates of equine and human origins were compared with regard to SzM sequences and binding of equine and human fibrinogens. The N-terminal 216 amino acids of the mature SzM were found to exhibit a high degree of diversity, but the majority of human isolates grouped in three distinct SzM clusters. Plasma protein absorption assays and flow cytometry analysis revealed that pronounced binding of human fibrinogen is a common phenotype of human S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates but much less so in equine S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates. Furthermore, binding of human fibrinogen is associated with specific SzM types. These results suggest that SzM-mediated binding of human fibrinogen is an important virulence mechanism of zoonotic S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates.

AB - Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is an important pathogen in horses that causes severe diseases such as pneumonia and abortion. Furthermore, it is a zoonotic agent, and contact with horses is a known risk factor. In this study, we investigated the working hypothesis that the zoonotic potential varies among S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus strains in association with differences in M-like protein-mediated binding of host plasma proteins. We demonstrate via in-frame deletion mutagenesis of two different S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus strains that the M-like protein SzM is crucial for the binding of fibrinogen to the bacterial surface and for survival in equine and human blood. S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates of equine and human origins were compared with regard to SzM sequences and binding of equine and human fibrinogens. The N-terminal 216 amino acids of the mature SzM were found to exhibit a high degree of diversity, but the majority of human isolates grouped in three distinct SzM clusters. Plasma protein absorption assays and flow cytometry analysis revealed that pronounced binding of human fibrinogen is a common phenotype of human S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates but much less so in equine S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates. Furthermore, binding of human fibrinogen is associated with specific SzM types. These results suggest that SzM-mediated binding of human fibrinogen is an important virulence mechanism of zoonotic S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus isolates.

KW - fibrinogen binding

KW - M-like proteins

KW - survival in blood

KW - szm deletion mutant

KW - whole-blood bactericidal assay

KW - zoonosis

U2 - 10.1128/IAI.00559-19

DO - 10.1128/IAI.00559-19

M3 - Article

C2 - 31636136

AN - SCOPUS:85076876515

VL - 88

JO - Infection and Immunity

JF - Infection and Immunity

SN - 1098-5522

IS - 1

M1 - e00559-19

ER -