Prototype effect and the persuasiveness of generalizations

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

An argument that makes use of a generalization activates the prototype for the category used in the generalization. We conducted two experiments that investigated how the activation of the prototype affects the persuasiveness of the argument. The results of the experiments suggest that the features of the prototype overshadow
and partly overwrite the actual facts of the case. The case is, to some extent, judged as if it had the features of the prototype instead of the features it actually has. This prototype effect increases the persuasiveness of the argument in situations where the audience
finds the judgment more warranted for the prototype than for the actual case (positive prototype effect), but decreases persuasiveness in situations where the audience finds the judgment less warranted for the prototype than for the actual case (negative prototype effect).

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Juridik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)163-180
TidskriftReview of Philosophy and Psychology
Volym7
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2015
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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