P-selectin glycoprotein-ligand-1 regulates pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in a platelet-independent manner in abdominal sepsis
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Neutrophil-mediated lung injury is an insidious feature in sepsis although the mechanisms regulating pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils remain elusive. Here, we investigated the role of P-selectin glycoprotein-ligand-1 (PSGL-1) in sepsis-induced neutrophil recruitment and tissue injury in the lung. Bronchoalveolar infiltration of neutrophils, levels of myeloperoxidase, oedema formation and CXC chemokines were determined 24 h after caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in mice. Animals were pretreated with a control antibody, monoclonal antibodies directed against PSGL-1 and P-selectin as well as a platelet-depleting antibody directed against GP1b alpha. CLP caused pulmonary damage characterized by oedema formation, neutrophil infiltration and increased levels of CXC chemokines in the lung. Immunoneutralization of PSGL-1 or P-selectin reduced CLP-induced neutrophil recruitment in the bronchoalveolar space by more than 56% and lung myeloperoxidase activity by 62%. Notably, the inhibitory effect of the anti-PSGL-1 antibody on sepsis-induced neutrophil infiltration was also observed in platelet-depleted mice. Moreover, inhibition of PSGL-1 and P-selectin abolished CLP-induced oedema formation and tissue damage in the lung. CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines was not changed in mice pretreated with the anti-PSGL-1 and anti-P-selectin antibodies. These data demonstrate that PSGL-1 plays a key role in pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils as well as lung oedema associated with abdominal sepsis. Moreover, our findings suggest that PSGL-1-dependent neutrophil recruitment is independent of circulating platelets. Thus, these novel findings indicate that PSGL-1 may be a useful target to protect against sepsis-induced accumulation of neutrophils and tissue damage in the lung.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Status||Published - 2009|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|