Psychosocial aspects before and up to 2 years after heart or lung transplantation: Experience of patients and their next of kin

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important for patients undergoing heart (HTx) or lung (LTx) transplantation and for their next of kin (NoK).

AIM: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL; patients only), anxiety, depression, stress, coping ability, and burden (NoK only) for patients and their NoK before and up to 2 years after HTx or LTx.

DESIGN: Adult patients (28 hearts and 26 lungs) and their appointed NoK were surveyed with questionnaires about specific psychosocial topics when they were accepted for the transplantation waiting list and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after transplantation.

FINDINGS: Patients' coping ability and self-perceived health were low at baseline and improved over time after transplantation. However, lung patients took longer time to recover in terms of HRQoL, depression, and stress than heart patients. Similarly, NoK of lung patients experienced a higher burden and more stress 1 year after transplantation than NoK of heart patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals should be aware of the psychosocial challenges patients and their NoK face in daily living and provide support both before and after heart or lung transplantation.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Linköping University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Uppsala universitet, Historiska institutionen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kirurgi
  • Omvårdnad
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere12905
TidskriftClinical Transplantation
Volym31
Utgåva nummer3
Tidigt onlinedatum2016 dec 31
StatusPublished - 2017
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa