Ptychographic characterization of polymer compound refractive lenses manufactured by additive technology

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The recent success in the development of high-precision printing techniques allows one to manufacture free-standing polymer structures of high quality. Two-photon polymerization lithography is a mask-less technique with down to 100 nm resolution that provides full geometric freedom. It has recently been applied to the nanofabrication of X-ray compound refractive lenses (CRLs). In this article we report on the characterization of two sets of CRLs of different design produced by two-photon polymerization-induced lithography.


  • M. Lyubomirskiy
  • F. Koch
  • K. A. Abrashitova
  • V. O. Bessonov
  • N. Kokareva
  • A. Petrov
  • F. Seiboth
  • F. Wittwer
  • M. Kahnt
  • M. Seyrich
  • A. A. Fedyanin
  • C. David
  • C. G. Schroer
Externa organisationer
  • German Electron Synchrotron (DESY)
  • Paul Scherrer Institute
  • Lomonosov Moscow State University
  • Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
  • A.N.Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • University of Hamburg
Sidor (från-till)8639-8650
Antal sidor12
TidskriftOptics Express
StatusPublished - 2019 mar 18
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa