Publish Late, Publish Rarely! Network Density and Group Performance in Scientific Communication

Forskningsoutput: Kapitel i bok/rapport/Conference proceedingKapitel samlingsverk

Abstract

Research programs regularly compete to achieve the same goal, such as the discovery of the structure of DNA or the construction of a TEA laser. The more the competing programs share information, the faster the goal is likely to be reached, to society’s benefit. But the “priority rule”-the scientific norm according to which the first program to reach the goal in question must receive all the credit for the achievement-provides a powerful disincentive for programs to share information. How, then, is the clash between social and individual interest resolved in scientific practice? This chapter investigates what Robert Merton called science’s “communist” norm, which mandates universal sharing of knowledge, and uses mathematical models of discovery to argue that a communist regime may be on the whole advantageous and fair to all parties, and so might be implemented by a social contract that all scientists would be willing to sign.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Filosofi
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationScientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge
RedaktörerThomas Boyer, Conor Mayo-Wilson, Michael Weisberg
FörlagOxford University Press
Sidor34-62
Antal sidor29
ISBN (tryckt)9780190680534
StatusPublished - 2017
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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