Pulmonary blood volume indexed to lung volume is reduced in newly diagnosed systemic sclerosis compared to normals - a prospective clinical cardiovascular magnetic resonance study addressing pulmonary vascular changes

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Abstract

Background: Pulmonary involvement, manifested as pulmonary arterial hypertension or pulmonary fibrosis, is the most common cause of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We aimed to explore the feasibility of detecting early pulmonary involvement in SSc using recently developed non-invasive quantitative measures of pulmonary physiology using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: Twenty-seven SSc patients (9 men, 57 +/- 13 years) and 10 healthy controls (3 men, 54 +/- 9 years) underwent CMR to determine the pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and the PBV variation (PBVV) throughout the cardiac cycle. Patients underwent Doppler echocardiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and pulmonary function testing by spirometry. Comparisons were performed using the unpaired t-test and linear regression analysis was performed with Pearson's correlation coefficient (r). Results: Compared to healthy controls, the PBV indexed to lung volume (PBVI) was lower in patients (16 +/- 4 vs 20 +/- 5%, p < 0.05). There was no difference in PBV (466 +/- 87 vs 471 +/- 122 mL, p = 0.91) or PBVV/stroke volume (45 +/- 10 vs 40 +/- 6%, p = 0.09). There were no significant correlations between PBVI and pulmonary artery pressure estimated by Doppler (p = 0.08) the lung's diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (p = 0.09), vital capacity (p = 0.45), or pulmonary fibrosis by HRCT (p = 0.74). Conclusions: This study is the first to measure the PBV in humans using CMR. Compared to healthy controls, newly diagnosed SSc patients have a reduced amount of blood in the pulmonary vasculature (PBVI) but unchanged pulmonary vascular distensibility (PBVV/stroke volume). PBVI is unrelated to DLCO, pulmonary artery pressure, vital capacity, and the presence of pulmonary fibrosis. PBVI may be a novel parameter reflecting vascular lung involvement in early-stage SSc, and these findings may be consistent with pathophysiological changes of the pulmonary vasculature.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi
  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer86
TidskriftJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Volym15
StatusPublished - 2013
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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Relaterad forskningsoutput

Mikael Kanski, 2015, Department of Clinical Physiology, Lund University. 69 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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