Purification of a serine and histidine phosphorylated mitochondrial nucleoside diphosphate kinase from Pisum sativum
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For the first time, to our knowledge, a nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) has been purified from plant mitochondria (Pisum sativum L.). In intact pea leaf mitochondria, a 17.4-kDa soluble protein was phosphorylated in the presence of EDTA when [γ-32]ATP was used as the phosphate donor. Cell fractionation demonstrated that the 17.4-kDa protein is a true mitochondrial protein, and the lack of accessibility to EDTA of the matrix compartment in intact mitochondria suggested it may have an intermembrane space localization. The 17.4-kDa protein was purified from mitochondrial soluble proteins using ATP-agarose and anion exchange chromatography. Amino- acid sequencing of two peptides, resulting from a trypsin digestion, revealed high similarity with the conserved catalytic phosphohistidine site and with the C-terminal of NDPKs. Acid and alkali treatments of [32P]-labelled pea mitochondrial NDPK indicated the presence of acid-stable as well as alkali- stable phosphogroups. Thin-layer chromatography experiments revealed serine as the acid-stable phosphogroup. The alkali-stable labelling probably reflects phosphorylation of the conserved catalytic histidine residue. In phosphorylation experiments, the purified pea mitochondrial NDPK was labelled more heavily on serine than histidine residues. Furthermore, kinetic studies showed a faster phosphorylation rate for serine compared to histidine. Both ATP and GTP could be used as phosphate donor for histidine as well as serine labelling of the pea mitochondrial NDPK.