Qualitative assessments of myocardial ischemia by cardiac MRI and coronary stenosis by invasive coronary angiography in relation to quantitative perfusion by positron emission tomography in patients with known or suspected stable coronary artery disease

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T1 - Qualitative assessments of myocardial ischemia by cardiac MRI and coronary stenosis by invasive coronary angiography in relation to quantitative perfusion by positron emission tomography in patients with known or suspected stable coronary artery disease

AU - Akil, Shahnaz

AU - Hedeer, Fredrik

AU - Carlsson, Marcus

AU - Arheden, Håkan

AU - Oddstig, Jenny

AU - Hindorf, Cecilia

AU - Jögi, Jonas

AU - Erlinge, David

AU - Engblom, Henrik

PY - 2020/12

Y1 - 2020/12

N2 - Background: To relate findings of qualitative evaluation of first-pass perfusion-CMR and anatomical evaluation on coronary angiography (CA) to the reference standard of quantitative perfusion, cardiac PET, in patients with suspected or known stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and Results: Forty-one patients referred for CA due to suspected stable CAD, prospectively performed adenosine stress/rest first-pass perfusion-CMR as well as 13N-NH3 PET on the same day, 4 ± 3 weeks before CA. Angiographers were blinded to PET and CMR results. Regional myocardial flow reserve (MFR) < 2.0 on PET was considered pathological. Vessel territories with stress-induced ischemia by CMR or vessels with stenosis needing revascularization had a significantly lower MFR compared to those with no regional stress-induced ischemia or vessels not needing revascularization (P < 0.001). In 4 of 123 vessel territories with stress-induced ischemia by CMR, PET showed a normal MFR. In addition, 12 of 123 vessels that underwent intervention showed normal MFR assessed by PET. Conclusion: The limited performance of qualitative assessment of presence of stable CAD with CMR and CA, when related to quantitative 13N-NH3 cardiac PET, shows the need for fully quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion and the use of invasive flow reserve measurements for CA, to confirm the need of elective revascularization.

AB - Background: To relate findings of qualitative evaluation of first-pass perfusion-CMR and anatomical evaluation on coronary angiography (CA) to the reference standard of quantitative perfusion, cardiac PET, in patients with suspected or known stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and Results: Forty-one patients referred for CA due to suspected stable CAD, prospectively performed adenosine stress/rest first-pass perfusion-CMR as well as 13N-NH3 PET on the same day, 4 ± 3 weeks before CA. Angiographers were blinded to PET and CMR results. Regional myocardial flow reserve (MFR) < 2.0 on PET was considered pathological. Vessel territories with stress-induced ischemia by CMR or vessels with stenosis needing revascularization had a significantly lower MFR compared to those with no regional stress-induced ischemia or vessels not needing revascularization (P < 0.001). In 4 of 123 vessel territories with stress-induced ischemia by CMR, PET showed a normal MFR. In addition, 12 of 123 vessels that underwent intervention showed normal MFR assessed by PET. Conclusion: The limited performance of qualitative assessment of presence of stable CAD with CMR and CA, when related to quantitative 13N-NH3 cardiac PET, shows the need for fully quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion and the use of invasive flow reserve measurements for CA, to confirm the need of elective revascularization.

KW - Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

KW - cardiac positron emission tomography

KW - coronary angiography

KW - coronary artery disease

KW - myocardial flow reserve

U2 - 10.1007/s12350-018-01555-1

DO - 10.1007/s12350-018-01555-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 30535919

AN - SCOPUS:85058210526

VL - 27

SP - 2351

EP - 2359

JO - Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

JF - Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

SN - 1532-6551

IS - 6

ER -