Quantum biology revisited

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Photosynthesis is a highly optimized process from which valuable lessons can be learned about the operating principles in nature. Its primary steps involve energy transport operating near theoretical quantum limits in efficiency. Recently, extensive research was motivated by the hypothesis that nature used quantum coherences to direct energy transfer. This body of work, a cornerstone for the field of quantum biology, rests on the interpretation of small-amplitude oscillations in two-dimensional electronic spectra of photosynthetic complexes. This Review discusses recent work reexamining these claims and demonstrates that interexciton coherences are too short lived to have any functional significance in photosynthetic energy transfer. Instead, the observed long-lived coherences originate from impulsively excited vibrations, generally observed in femtosecond spectroscopy. These efforts, collectively, lead to a more detailed understanding of the quantum aspects of dissipation. Nature, rather than trying to avoid dissipation, exploits it via engineering of exciton-bath interaction to create efficient energy flow.


  • Jianshu Cao
  • Richard J. Cogdell
  • David F. Coker
  • Hong Guang Duan
  • Jürgen Hauer
  • Ulrich Kleinekathöfer
  • Thomas L.C. Jansen
  • Tomáš Mančal
  • R. J. Dwayne Miller
  • Jennifer P. Ogilvie
  • Valentyn I. Prokhorenko
  • Thomas Renger
  • Howe Siang Tan
  • Roel Tempelaar
  • Michael Thorwart
  • Erling Thyrhaug
  • Sebastian Westenhoff
  • Donatas Zigmantas
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • University of Glasgow
  • Boston University
  • Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter
  • University of Hamburg
  • Vienna University of Technology
  • Jacobs University
  • University of Groningen
  • Charles University in Prague
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Michigan
  • Johannes-Kepler-University of Linz
  • Columbia University
  • Northwestern University
  • Göteborgs universitet

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik
TidskriftScience Advances
Utgåva nummer14
StatusPublished - 2020
Peer review utfördJa