Regulation of alternative macrophage activation by galectin-3

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Alternative macrophage activation is implicated in diverse disease pathologies such as asthma, organ fibrosis, and granulomatous diseases, but the mechanisms underlying macrophage programming are not fully understood. Galectin-3 is a carbohydrate-binding lectin present on macrophages. We show that disruption of the galectin-3 gene in 129sv mice specifically restrains IL-4/IL-13-induced alternative macrophage activation in bone marrow-derived macrophages in vitro and in resident lung and recruited peritoneal macrophages in vivo without affecting IFN-gamma/LPS-induced classical activation or IL-10-induced deactivation. IL-4-mediated alternative macrophage activation is inhibited by siRNA-targeted deletion of galectin-3 or its membrane receptor CD98 and by inhibition of PI3K. Increased galectin-3 expression and secretion is a feature of alternative macrophage activation. IL-4 stimulates galectin-3 expression and release in parallel with other phenotypic markers of alternative macrophage activation. By contrast, classical macrophage activation with LPS inhibits galectin-3 expression and release. Galectin-3 binds to CD98, and exogenous galectin-3 or cross-linking CD98 with the mAb 4F2 stimulates PI3K activation and alternative activation. IL-4-induced alternative activation is blocked by bis-(3-deoxy-3-(3-methoxybenzamido)-beta-D-galactopyranosyl) sulfane, a specific inhibitor of extracellular galectin-3 carbohydrate binding. These results demonstrate that a galectin-3 feedback loop drives alternative macrophage activation. Pharmacological modulation of galectin-3 function represents a novel therapeutic strategy in pathologies associated with alternatively activated macrophages.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Alison C MacKinnon
  • Sarah L Farnworth
  • Philip S Hodkinson
  • Neil C Henderson
  • Kirsten M Atkinson
  • Hakon Leffler
  • Ulf Nilsson
  • Christopher Haslett
  • Stuart J Forbes
  • Tariq Sethi
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2650-2658
TidskriftJournal of Immunology
Volym180
Utgivningsnummer4
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa