Release of cytokines and proteases from human peripheral blood mononuclear and polymorphonuclear cells following phagocytosis and LPS stimulation

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Release and cellular contents of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, neutrophilic elastase and secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI) were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in peripheral blood mono- and polymorphonuclear cells stimulated with preopsonized yeast cells or lipopolysaccharide. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) was also measured with a bioassay. TNFα production and soluble TNFα receptor I (sTNF RI) were demonstrated in the environment of both cell populations. The bioassay indicated levels of TNFα far below those detected by ELISA. The overall secretion of cytokines and their inhibitors was found to favour an anti-inflammatory balance in the environment of the stimulated cells. The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1-ra), compared with interleukin-1β (IL-1β), dominated the secretions from both cell types with a 100- to 1000-fold excess respectively. Most of the translated IL-1β was not secreted but found associated with the cellular compartments. In contrast to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation, preopsonized yeast cells stimulated a massive release of elastase from neutrophil cells.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)461-470
Antal sidor10
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volym56
Utgivningsnummer5
StatusPublished - 1996
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa