Remarkable variability in morphology, hygroscopicity and optical properties of soot aerosols during internal mixing in the atmosphere.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The atmospheric effects of soot aerosols include interference with radiative transfer, visibility impairment, and alteration of cloud formation and are highly sensitive to the manner by which soot is internally mixed with other aerosol constituents. We present experimental studies to show that soot particles acquire a large mass fraction of sulfuric acid during atmospheric aging, considerably altering their properties. Soot particles exposed to subsaturated sulfuric acid vapor exhibit a marked change in morphology, characterized by a decreased mobility-based diameter but an increased fractal dimension and effective density. These particles experience large hygroscopic size and mass growth at subsaturated conditions (<90% relative humidity) and act efficiently as cloud-condensation nuclei. Coating with sulfuric acid and subsequent hygroscopic growth enhance the optical properties of soot aerosols, increasing scattering by ≈10-fold and absorption by nearly 2-fold at 80% relative humidity relative to fresh particles. In addition, condensation of sulfuric acid is shown to occur at a similar rate on ambient aerosols of various types of a given mobility size, regardless of their chemical compositions and microphysical structures. Representing an important mechanism of atmospheric aging, internal mixing of soot with sulfuric acid has profound implications on visibility, human health, and direct and indirect climate forcing.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Renyi Y Zhang
  • AF Khalizov
  • Joakim Pagels
  • DD Zhang
  • H Xue
  • J Chen
  • PH McMurry
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)10291-10296
TidskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volym105
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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