Repeated Structural Imaging Reveals Nonlinear Progression of Experience-Dependent Volume Changes in Human Motor Cortex

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Repeated Structural Imaging Reveals Nonlinear Progression of Experience-Dependent Volume Changes in Human Motor Cortex. / Wenger, Elisabeth; Kühn, Simone; Verrel, Julius; Mårtensson, Johan; Bodammer, Nils Christian; Lindenberger, Ulman; Lövdén, Martin.

I: Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 27, Nr. 5, 01.05.2017, s. 2911-2925.

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Wenger, Elisabeth ; Kühn, Simone ; Verrel, Julius ; Mårtensson, Johan ; Bodammer, Nils Christian ; Lindenberger, Ulman ; Lövdén, Martin. / Repeated Structural Imaging Reveals Nonlinear Progression of Experience-Dependent Volume Changes in Human Motor Cortex. I: Cerebral Cortex. 2017 ; Vol. 27, Nr. 5. s. 2911-2925.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Repeated Structural Imaging Reveals Nonlinear Progression of Experience-Dependent Volume Changes in Human Motor Cortex

AU - Wenger, Elisabeth

AU - Kühn, Simone

AU - Verrel, Julius

AU - Mårtensson, Johan

AU - Bodammer, Nils Christian

AU - Lindenberger, Ulman

AU - Lövdén, Martin

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Evidence for experience-dependent structural brain change in adult humans is accumulating. However, its time course is not well understood, as intervention studies typically consist of only 2 imaging sessions (before vs. after training).We acquired up to 18 structural magnetic resonance images over a 7-week period while 15 right-handed participants practiced left-hand writing and drawing. After 4 weeks, we observed increases in gray matter of both left and right primary motor cortices relative to a control group; 3 weeks later, these differences were no longer reliable. Time-series analyses revealed that gray matter in the primary motor cortices expanded during the first 4weeks and then partially renormalized, in particular in the right hemisphere, despite continued practice and increasing task proficiency. Similar patterns of expansion followed by partial renormalization are also found in synaptogenesis, cortical map plasticity, and maturation, and may qualify as a general principle of structural plasticity. Research on human brain plasticity needs to encompass more than 2 measurement occasions to capture expansion and potential renormalization processes over time.

AB - Evidence for experience-dependent structural brain change in adult humans is accumulating. However, its time course is not well understood, as intervention studies typically consist of only 2 imaging sessions (before vs. after training).We acquired up to 18 structural magnetic resonance images over a 7-week period while 15 right-handed participants practiced left-hand writing and drawing. After 4 weeks, we observed increases in gray matter of both left and right primary motor cortices relative to a control group; 3 weeks later, these differences were no longer reliable. Time-series analyses revealed that gray matter in the primary motor cortices expanded during the first 4weeks and then partially renormalized, in particular in the right hemisphere, despite continued practice and increasing task proficiency. Similar patterns of expansion followed by partial renormalization are also found in synaptogenesis, cortical map plasticity, and maturation, and may qualify as a general principle of structural plasticity. Research on human brain plasticity needs to encompass more than 2 measurement occasions to capture expansion and potential renormalization processes over time.

KW - Gray matter changes

KW - Motor learning

KW - Structural brain plasticity

KW - Time course

KW - Voxel-based morphometry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019133244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/cercor/bhw141

DO - 10.1093/cercor/bhw141

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 2911

EP - 2925

JO - Cerebral Cortex

T2 - Cerebral Cortex

JF - Cerebral Cortex

SN - 1460-2199

IS - 5

ER -