Reproducibility of in vitro contracture test results in patients tested for malignant hyperthermia susceptibility.

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BACKGROUND: The in vitro contracture test (IVCT) is the golden standard to diagnose malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS). A high reproducibility is important for a high validity of a test. METHODS: We have therefore analyzed IVCT in 838 patients, investigated in two laboratories. Each halothane and caffeine test was performed in two muscle strips. The test results were analyzed with respect to reproducibility of abnormal outcomes within pairs of tested muscle strips and size of contractures, thresholds and quality criteria. The patients were tested according to the European Malignant Hyperthermia Group protocol (EMHG). To fulfill quality criteria in the EMHG protocol the twitch height should be 10 mN (1 g) or more. For the caffeine test a minimum contracture of 50 mN (5 g) or more at 32 mmol l-1 caffeine could be used as an alternative quality criterion RESULTS: There was better reproducibility with larger contractures. The correlation between size of contractures and fraction of muscle strips with abnormal contractures was 0.77 or larger. Contractures < 5 mN (0.5 g) were reproducible in less than half of the tests. There was no difference in reproducibility or size of contractures between tests fulfillling all quality criteria and those not fulfillling these criteria. CONCLUSIONS: IVCT responses close to cut off limits, i.e. <5 mN (0.5 g) in the EMHG protocol, are less reproducible and must scientifically be considered as less reliable. The clinical cut off limits must remain unchanged for reasons of clinical safety. The outcome of quality measurements does not influence the test results.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Anestesi och intensivvård
Sidor (från-till)1144-1149
TidskriftActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Utgåva nummer9
StatusPublished - 2002
Peer review utfördJa


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