Revascularisation of renal artery stenosis caused by fibromuscular dysplasia: effects on blood pressure during 7-year follow-up are influenced by duration of hypertension and branch artery stenosis

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Abstract

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) mainly affects renal arteries. Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) and surgery are effective treatments, but longtime follow-up is lacking. Retrospective follow-up for 7.0 +/- 4.7 years of 69 consecutive patients ( age 44 +/- 13 years) treated for hypertension due to FMD, 59 patients underwent PTRA and eight patients surgery. In two patients no PTRA was performed. Technical success was achieved in 56 (95%) patients undergoing PTRA and all eight undergoing surgery. After successful PTRA, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP) had decreased at discharge ( from 174 +/- 33/ 100 +/- 13 to 138 +/- 19/80 +/- 15 mmHg; P<0.0001), and remained lower at 1 month, 1 year, and last follow-up after 7.0 +/- 4.7 years (140 +/- 25/83 +/- 12 mmHg; P<0.0001). Serum-creatinine had decreased both at 1 year ( from 84 +/- 28 to 75 +/- 13 mu mol/ l; P = 0.0030) and last follow-up (75 +/- 16 mu mol/ l; P = 0.0017). The number of antihypertensive drugs decreased ( from 2.3 +/- 1.2 before PTRA to 1.4 +/- 1.3 at discharge and at 1 month; P<0.0001, and 1.6 +/- 1.5 at last follow-up; P = 0.0011). SBP decreased more after PTRA among patients with FMD only in the main renal artery than in those with branch artery involvement (43 +/- 29 vs 20 +/- 41 mmHg; P = 0.0198). Beneficial effects on BP, creatinine and antihypertensive drugs also occurred after surgery. Patients on antihypertensive drugs at last follow-up had longer hypertension duration before PTRA than those without (5.9 +/- 7.7 vs 1.8 +/- 4.1 years; P = 0.0349). Cure was achieved in 16 (24%), improvement in another 26(39%), and benefit in 42(63%). In conclusion, renal artery FMD, PTRA and surgery have beneficial long-term effects, negatively affected by hypertension duration and branch artery involvement.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)761-767
TidskriftJournal of Human Hypertension
Volym19
Utgåva nummer10
StatusPublished - 2005
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa