Right ventricular speckle tracking assessment for differentiation of pressure- versus volume-overloaded right ventricle

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Right ventricular speckle tracking assessment for differentiation of pressure- versus volume-overloaded right ventricle. / Werther Evaldsson, Anna; Ingvarsson, Annika; Waktare, Johan; Smith, Gustav J; Thilén, Ulf; Stagmo, Martin; Roijer, Anders; Rådegran, Goran; Meurling, Carl.

I: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, Vol. 38, Nr. 5, 09.2018, s. 763-771.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - Right ventricular speckle tracking assessment for differentiation of pressure- versus volume-overloaded right ventricle

AU - Werther Evaldsson, Anna

AU - Ingvarsson, Annika

AU - Waktare, Johan

AU - Smith, Gustav J

AU - Thilén, Ulf

AU - Stagmo, Martin

AU - Roijer, Anders

AU - Rådegran, Goran

AU - Meurling, Carl

N1 - © 2017 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction may be caused by either pressure or volume overload. RV function is conventionally assessed with echocardiography using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV fractional area change (RVFAC), tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S') and RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether RV global longitudinal strain (RVGLS) and RV-free wall strain (RV-free) could add additional information to differentiate these two causes of RV overload.METHODS AND RESULTS: The study enrolled 89 patients with an echocardiographic trans-tricuspid gradient >30 mmHg. Forty-five patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (pressure overload) were compared with 44 patients with an atrial septum defect (volume overload). RV size was larger in the volume group (P<0·05). TAPSE and S' were lower in the pressure group (P<0·05, P<0·01). RVFAC was lower in the pressure group (P<0·001) as well as RVGLS (-12·1 ± 3·3% versus -20·2 ± 3·4%, P<0·001) and RV-free (-12·9 ± 3·3% versus -19·4 ± 3·4%, P<0·001).CONCLUSION: In this study, RVGLS and RV-free could more accurately discriminate RV pressure from volume overload than conventional measures. The reason could be that TAPSE and S' are unable to differentiate active deformation from passive entrainment caused by the left ventricle. The pressure group had evidence of marked RV hypertrophy despite standard functional parameters (TAPSE and S) within normal range. This would enhance the value of strain to more sensitively detect abnormal function. A cut-off value of below -16% for RVGLS and RV-free predicts RV pressure overload with high accuracy.

AB - BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction may be caused by either pressure or volume overload. RV function is conventionally assessed with echocardiography using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV fractional area change (RVFAC), tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S') and RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether RV global longitudinal strain (RVGLS) and RV-free wall strain (RV-free) could add additional information to differentiate these two causes of RV overload.METHODS AND RESULTS: The study enrolled 89 patients with an echocardiographic trans-tricuspid gradient >30 mmHg. Forty-five patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (pressure overload) were compared with 44 patients with an atrial septum defect (volume overload). RV size was larger in the volume group (P<0·05). TAPSE and S' were lower in the pressure group (P<0·05, P<0·01). RVFAC was lower in the pressure group (P<0·001) as well as RVGLS (-12·1 ± 3·3% versus -20·2 ± 3·4%, P<0·001) and RV-free (-12·9 ± 3·3% versus -19·4 ± 3·4%, P<0·001).CONCLUSION: In this study, RVGLS and RV-free could more accurately discriminate RV pressure from volume overload than conventional measures. The reason could be that TAPSE and S' are unable to differentiate active deformation from passive entrainment caused by the left ventricle. The pressure group had evidence of marked RV hypertrophy despite standard functional parameters (TAPSE and S) within normal range. This would enhance the value of strain to more sensitively detect abnormal function. A cut-off value of below -16% for RVGLS and RV-free predicts RV pressure overload with high accuracy.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1111/cpf.12477

DO - 10.1111/cpf.12477

M3 - Article

C2 - 29076284

VL - 38

SP - 763

EP - 771

JO - Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging

JF - Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging

SN - 1475-0961

IS - 5

ER -