Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence. / Pedersen, C. B.; Demontis, D.; Pedersen, M. S.; Agerbo, E.; Mortensen, P. B.; Borglum, A. D.; Hougaard, D. M.; Hollegaard, M. V.; Mors, O.; Cantor-Graae, Elizabeth.

I: Psychological Medicine, Vol. 42, Nr. 7, 2012, s. 1515-1521.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Pedersen, CB, Demontis, D, Pedersen, MS, Agerbo, E, Mortensen, PB, Borglum, AD, Hougaard, DM, Hollegaard, MV, Mors, O & Cantor-Graae, E 2012, 'Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence', Psychological Medicine, vol. 42, nr. 7, s. 1515-1521. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002376

APA

Pedersen, C. B., Demontis, D., Pedersen, M. S., Agerbo, E., Mortensen, P. B., Borglum, A. D., Hougaard, D. M., Hollegaard, M. V., Mors, O., & Cantor-Graae, E. (2012). Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence. Psychological Medicine, 42(7), 1515-1521. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002376

CBE

Pedersen CB, Demontis D, Pedersen MS, Agerbo E, Mortensen PB, Borglum AD, Hougaard DM, Hollegaard MV, Mors O, Cantor-Graae E. 2012. Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence. Psychological Medicine. 42(7):1515-1521. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002376

MLA

Vancouver

Pedersen CB, Demontis D, Pedersen MS, Agerbo E, Mortensen PB, Borglum AD et al. Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence. Psychological Medicine. 2012;42(7):1515-1521. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002376

Author

Pedersen, C. B. ; Demontis, D. ; Pedersen, M. S. ; Agerbo, E. ; Mortensen, P. B. ; Borglum, A. D. ; Hougaard, D. M. ; Hollegaard, M. V. ; Mors, O. ; Cantor-Graae, Elizabeth. / Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence. I: Psychological Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 42, Nr. 7. s. 1515-1521.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of schizophrenia in relation to parental origin and genome-wide divergence

AU - Pedersen, C. B.

AU - Demontis, D.

AU - Pedersen, M. S.

AU - Agerbo, E.

AU - Mortensen, P. B.

AU - Borglum, A. D.

AU - Hougaard, D. M.

AU - Hollegaard, M. V.

AU - Mors, O.

AU - Cantor-Graae, Elizabeth

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background. Second-generation immigrants have an increased risk of schizophrenia, a finding that still lacks a satisfactory explanation. Various operational definitions of second-generation immigrants have been used, including foreign parental country of birth. However, with increasing global migration, it is not clear that parental country of birth necessarily is informative with regard to ethnicity. We compare two independently collected measures of parental foreign ethnicity, parental foreign country of birth versus genetic divergence, based on genome-wide genotypic data, to access which measure most efficiently captures the increased risk of schizophrenia among second-generation immigrants residing in Denmark. Method. A case-control study covering all children born in Denmark since 1981 included 892 cases of schizophrenia and 883 matched controls. Genetic divergence was assessed using principal component analyses of the genotypic data. Independently, parental foreign country of birth was assessed using information recorded prospectively in the Danish Civil Registration System. We compared incidence rate ratios of schizophrenia associated with these two independently collected measures of parental foreign ethnicity. Results. People with foreign-born parents had a significantly increased risk of schizophrenia [relative risk (RR) 1.94 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.41-2.65)]. Genetically divergent persons also had a significant increased risk [RR 2.43 ( 95% CI 1.55-3.82)]. Mutual adjustment of parental foreign country of birth and genetic divergence showed no difference between these measures with regard to their potential impact on the results. Conclusions. In terms of RR of schizophrenia, genetic divergence and parental foreign country of birth are interchangeable entities, and both entities have validity with regard to identifying second-generation immigrants.

AB - Background. Second-generation immigrants have an increased risk of schizophrenia, a finding that still lacks a satisfactory explanation. Various operational definitions of second-generation immigrants have been used, including foreign parental country of birth. However, with increasing global migration, it is not clear that parental country of birth necessarily is informative with regard to ethnicity. We compare two independently collected measures of parental foreign ethnicity, parental foreign country of birth versus genetic divergence, based on genome-wide genotypic data, to access which measure most efficiently captures the increased risk of schizophrenia among second-generation immigrants residing in Denmark. Method. A case-control study covering all children born in Denmark since 1981 included 892 cases of schizophrenia and 883 matched controls. Genetic divergence was assessed using principal component analyses of the genotypic data. Independently, parental foreign country of birth was assessed using information recorded prospectively in the Danish Civil Registration System. We compared incidence rate ratios of schizophrenia associated with these two independently collected measures of parental foreign ethnicity. Results. People with foreign-born parents had a significantly increased risk of schizophrenia [relative risk (RR) 1.94 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.41-2.65)]. Genetically divergent persons also had a significant increased risk [RR 2.43 ( 95% CI 1.55-3.82)]. Mutual adjustment of parental foreign country of birth and genetic divergence showed no difference between these measures with regard to their potential impact on the results. Conclusions. In terms of RR of schizophrenia, genetic divergence and parental foreign country of birth are interchangeable entities, and both entities have validity with regard to identifying second-generation immigrants.

KW - Genome-wide association

KW - immigrants

KW - principal component

KW - schizophrenia

U2 - 10.1017/S0033291711002376

DO - 10.1017/S0033291711002376

M3 - Article

C2 - 22067478

VL - 42

SP - 1515

EP - 1521

JO - Psychological Medicine

JF - Psychological Medicine

SN - 1469-8978

IS - 7

ER -