Screening for heterocyclic amines in chicken cooked in various ways.

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Screening for heterocyclic amines in chicken cooked in various ways. / Solyakov, A; Skog, Kerstin.

I: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 40, Nr. 8, 2002, s. 1205-1211.

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Solyakov, A ; Skog, Kerstin. / Screening for heterocyclic amines in chicken cooked in various ways. I: Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2002 ; Vol. 40, Nr. 8. s. 1205-1211.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Screening for heterocyclic amines in chicken cooked in various ways.

AU - Solyakov, A

AU - Skog, Kerstin

N1 - The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry (011001300)

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Chicken cooked under well-controlled conditions and commercial chicken products were screened for heterocyclic amines (HAs). Chicken samples were boiled, deep-fried, pan-fried, oven-roasted, cooked in an unglazed clay pot or in a roasting bag in the oven, and oven broiled. 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (4,8-DiMeIQx), 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (harman) and 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (norharman) were identified in several samples. Chicken cooked at low temperatures contained low amounts of HAs. In pan-fried chicken breasts, MeIQx was detected in amounts below 2 ng/g, 4,8-DiMeIQx below 0.6 ng/g, and PhIP in amounts up to 38 ng/g. Harman and norharman were detected in almost all samples (below 15 ng/g). In skin from a commercially barbecued chicken, MeIQx, 4,8-DiMeIQx and PhIP were detected, while only traces of MeIQx were detected in the meat. MeIQx was detected in a commercial chicken flavour, 0.1 ng/ml. No HAs were detected in pan-fried chicken liver. The results show that the content of HAs in chicken cooked in various ways is low if prepared at low temperatures, and increases with increasing cooking temperature. PhIP formation seems to start accelerating at cooking temperatures around or above 200 degrees C. Colour development increases with cooking temperature, but no correlation with HA content was observed.

AB - Chicken cooked under well-controlled conditions and commercial chicken products were screened for heterocyclic amines (HAs). Chicken samples were boiled, deep-fried, pan-fried, oven-roasted, cooked in an unglazed clay pot or in a roasting bag in the oven, and oven broiled. 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (4,8-DiMeIQx), 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (harman) and 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (norharman) were identified in several samples. Chicken cooked at low temperatures contained low amounts of HAs. In pan-fried chicken breasts, MeIQx was detected in amounts below 2 ng/g, 4,8-DiMeIQx below 0.6 ng/g, and PhIP in amounts up to 38 ng/g. Harman and norharman were detected in almost all samples (below 15 ng/g). In skin from a commercially barbecued chicken, MeIQx, 4,8-DiMeIQx and PhIP were detected, while only traces of MeIQx were detected in the meat. MeIQx was detected in a commercial chicken flavour, 0.1 ng/ml. No HAs were detected in pan-fried chicken liver. The results show that the content of HAs in chicken cooked in various ways is low if prepared at low temperatures, and increases with increasing cooking temperature. PhIP formation seems to start accelerating at cooking temperatures around or above 200 degrees C. Colour development increases with cooking temperature, but no correlation with HA content was observed.

KW - High Pressure Liquid

KW - Heterocyclic Compounds : analysis

KW - Cookery : methods

KW - Meat : analysis

KW - Meat : adverse effects

KW - Human

KW - Meat Products : analysis

KW - Mutagens : analysis

KW - Skin

KW - Amines : analysis

KW - Animal

KW - Chickens

KW - Chromatography

U2 - 10.1016/S0278-6915(02)00054-6

DO - 10.1016/S0278-6915(02)00054-6

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 1205

EP - 1211

JO - Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

JF - Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

SN - 1873-6351

IS - 8

ER -