Self-efficacy in the context of heart transplantation - a new perspective

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: An in-depth exploration of self-efficacy among heart transplant recipients by means of Bandura's self-efficacy theory.

BACKGROUND: An essential component of chronic illness management is self-management, which refers to activities carried out by people to create order, structure and control in their lives. Self-efficacy is an important aspect of self-management, which seems to have become the main paradigm for long-term management after solid organ transplantation.

DESIGN: A directed content analysis using Bandura's self-efficacy theory.

METHODS: Open-ended, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 heart transplant recipients at their 12-month follow-up after heart transplantation.

RESULTS: This study generated the hypothesis that from the patients' perspective, self-efficacy after heart transplantation concerns balancing expectations to find the optimum level of self-efficacy. Performance accomplishment was found to have the greatest impact on self-efficacy, while its absence was the main source of disappointments. It was also revealed that the gap between performance accomplishment and efficacy expectations can be understood as uncertainty.

CONCLUSIONS: It is essential to assess both expectations and disappointments from the patient perspective in order to promote an optimum level of self-efficacy among heart transplant recipients. This includes supporting the heart recipient to adopt mental and physical adjustment strategies to balance her/his expectations as a means of minimising disappointments. The understanding that uncertainty can undermine self-efficacy is crucial.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The merging of the uncertainty in illness and self-efficacy theories provides an excellent framework for the provision of self-management support. In addition, focusing on a partnership between the transplant professionals and the recipient is essential because it minimises the use of a behavioural approach.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Göteborgs universitet
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)3007-3017
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volym26
Utgåva nummer19-20
Tidigt onlinedatum2017 feb 9
StatusPublished - 2017
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Almgren, M., 2018, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 49 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingLicentiatavhandling

Visa alla (1)