Selfperception and value system as possible predictors of stress
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Abstract
This study was directed towards personalityrelated, value system and sociodemographic variables of nursing students in a situation of change, using a longitudinal perspective to measure their improvement in principlebased moral judgement (Kohlberg; Rest) as possible predictors of stress. Three subgroups of students were included from the commencement of the first threeyear academic nursing programme in 1993. The students came from the colleges of health at Jonkoping, Vaxjo and Kristianstad in the south of Sweden. A principal component factor analysis (varimax) was performed using data obtained from the students in the spring of 1994 (n = 122) and in the spring of 1996 (n = 112). There were 23 variables, of which two were sociodemographic, eight represented selfimage, six were selfvalues, six were interpersonal values, and one was principlebased moral judgement. The analysis of data from students in the first year of a threeyear programme demonstrated eight factors that explained 68.8% of the variance. The most important factors were: (1) ascendant decisive disorderly sociability and nonpractical mindedness (18.1% of the variance); (2) original vigour personrelated trust (13.3%) of the variance); (3) orderly nonvigour achievement (8.9% of the variance) and (4) independent leadership (7.9% of the variance). (The term 'ascendancy' refers to selfconfidence, and 'vigour' denotes responding well to challenges and coping with stress.) The analysis in 1996 demonstrated nine factors, of which the most important were: (1) ascendant original sociability with decisive nonconformist leadership (18.2% of the variance); (2) cautious personrelated responsibility (12.6% of the variance); (3) orderly nonvariety achievement (8.4% of the variance); and (4) nonsupportive benevolent conformity (7.2% of the variance). A comparison of the two most prominent factors in 1994 and 1996 showed the process of change to be stronger for 18.2% and weaker for 30% of the variance. Principlebased moral judgement was measured in March 1994 and in May 1996, using the Swedish version of the Defining Issues Test and Index P. The result was that Index P for the students at Jonkoping changed significantly (paired samples ttest) between 1994 and 1996 (p = 0.028), but that for the Vaxjo and Kristianstad students did not. The mean of Index P was 44.3% at Vaxjo, which was greater than the international average for college students (42.3%) it differed significantly in the spring of 1996 (independent samples ttest), but not in 1994, from the students at Jonkoping (p = 0.032) and Kristianstad (p = 0.025). Index P was very heterogeneous for the group of students at Vaxjo, with the result that the paired samples ttest reached a value close to significance only. The conclusion of this study was that, if selfperception and value system are predictors of stress, only onethird of the students had improved their ability to cope with stress at the end of the programme. This article contains the author's application to the teaching process of reflecting on the structure of expectations in professional ethical relationships.
Detaljer
Författare  

Externa organisationer 

Forskningsområden  Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
Nyckelord 
Originalspråk  engelska 

Sidor (fråntill)  103121 
Tidskrift  Nursing Ethics 
Volym  5 
Utgivningsnummer  2 
Status  Published  1998 
Publikationskategori  Forskning 
Peer review utförd  Ja 
Externt publicerad  Ja 