Self-rated health and classical risk factors for coronary heart disease predict development of erectile dysfunction 25 years later.

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Aim: To investigate the impact of classical coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors on the development of future erectile dysfunction (ED). Methods and results: A total of 830 randomly selected subjects were included. Baseline CHD risk factors were evaluated in relation to ED (evaluated by the International Index of Erectile Function-5 questionnaire) 25 years later. At follow-up, 499 men (60%) had some degree of ED. In age-adjusted logistic regression analysis, self-rated health [odds ratio (OR) 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.09-2.31], family history of CHD (OR 1.75, CI: 1.17-2.61), fasting blood glucose (OR 1.52, CI: 1.14-2.02), triglycerides (OR 1.25, CI: 1.01-1.54), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (OR 1.19, CI: 1.04-1.35), body mass index (OR 1.08, CI: 1.03-1.13) and serum glutamyl transferase (GT) (OR 1.81, CI: 1.23-2.68), predicted ED. Independent predictors were higher age, low self-rated health, higher blood glucose, higher GT and a family history of CHD. Higher SBP was borderline significantly independent (p = 0.05). Furthermore, baseline age-adjusted Framingham risk score for CHD, also predicted future ED (OR 1.20, CI: 1.03-1.38). Conclusions: Our study supports and expands previous findings that ED and CHD share many risk factors, further underscoring the close link between ED and CHD. Men presenting with ED should be evaluated for the presence of other CHD risk factors.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Klinisk medicin
Sidor (från-till)206-213
TidskriftInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2008
Peer review utfördJa