Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide - A follow-up study of 1052 suicide attempters

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Aim This study aims to investigate suicide risk factors after attempted suicide and whether and how these risk factors differ between the sexes. Method A total of 1052 suicide attempters admitted to the Medical Emergency Inpatient Unit, Lund University Hospital, Sweden were followed up concerning suicide and death from other causes after a median period of 6 years and 5 months. in all, 50 persons committed suicide during follow-up. At the index suicide attempt, socio-demographic data and information about clinical characteristics were gathered in a standardised manner. Risk factors were identified among these data using survival analyses for the whole sample and for each sex separately. Result Men had a higher frequency of suicide and a greater overall mortality than women. Cox regressions showed that suicide attempt(s) prior to the index attempt and the use of a violent method for the index attempt were risk factors for men only, whereas older age and a high suicidal intent (Beck SIS score) were female ones. Major depression was a risk factor for both sexes. Conclusion More attention probably needs to be paid to the importance of gender in assessment of suicide risk and treatment of suicide attempters.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykiatri


Sidor (från-till)113-120
TidskriftSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2004
Peer review utfördJa