SIPA1L3 methylation modifies the benefit of smoking cessation on lung adenocarcinoma survival: an epigenomic–smoking interaction analysis

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title = "SIPA1L3 methylation modifies the benefit of smoking cessation on lung adenocarcinoma survival: an epigenomic–smoking interaction analysis",
abstract = "Smoking cessation prolongs survival and decreases mortality of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, epigenetic alterations of some genes are associated with survival. However, potential interactions between smoking cessation and epigenetics have not been assessed. Here, we conducted an epigenome-wide interaction analysis between DNA methylation and smoking cessation on NSCLC survival. We used a two-stage study design to identify DNA methylation–smoking cessation interactions that affect overall survival for early-stage NSCLC. The discovery phase contained NSCLC patients from Harvard, Spain, Norway, and Sweden. A histology-stratified Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for age, sex, clinical stage, and study center was used to test DNA methylation–smoking cessation interaction terms. Interactions with false discovery rate-q ≤ 0.05 were further confirmed in a validation phase using The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Histology-specific interactions were identified by stratification analysis in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) patients. We identified one CpG probe (cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 ) that significantly and exclusively modified the effect of smoking cessation on survival in LUAD patients [hazard ratio (HR) interaction  = 1.12; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.07–1.16; P = 4.30 × 10 –7 ]. Further, the effect of smoking cessation on early-stage LUAD survival varied across patients with different methylation levels of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . Smoking cessation only benefited LUAD patients with low methylation (HR = 0.53; 95{\%} CI: 0.34–0.82; P = 4.61 × 10 –3 ) rather than medium or high methylation (HR = 1.21; 95{\%} CI: 0.86–1.70; P = 0.266) of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . Moreover, there was an antagonistic interaction between elevated methylation of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 and smoking cessation (HR interaction  = 2.1835; 95{\%} CI: 1.27–3.74; P = 4.46 × 10 −3 ). In summary, smoking cessation benefited survival of LUAD patients with low methylation at cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . The results have implications for not only smoking cessation after diagnosis, but also possible methylation-specific drug targeting.",
keywords = "DNA methylation, interaction analysis, molecular cancer epidemiology, non-small-cell lung cancer, overall survival, smoking cessation",
author = "Ruyang Zhang and Linjing Lai and Xuesi Dong and Jieyu He and Dongfang You and Chao Chen and Lijuan Lin and Ying Zhu and Hui Huang and Sipeng Shen and Liangmin Wei and Xin Chen and Yichen Guo and Liya Liu and Li Su and Andrea Shafer and Sebastian Moran and Thomas Fleischer and Bjaan{\ae}s, {Maria Moksnes} and Anna Karlsson and Maria Planck and Johan Staaf and {\AA}slaug Helland and Manel Esteller and Yongyue Wei and Feng Chen and Christiani, {David C.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1002/1878-0261.12482",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1235--1248",
journal = "Molecular Oncology",
issn = "1574-7891",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5",