Socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation: The role of social participation

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance. Methods: A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/ current diseases, and marital status. Results: An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in these odds ratios was found when social participation was introduced into the model. The other three social network and social support variables were non-significant. Conclusion: High social participation is a predictor of maintenance of smoking cessation. It seems possible to interpret parts of the socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance as a consequence of differing social network resources and social capital between socioeconomic groups.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi


Sidor (från-till)200-208
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Public Health
StatusPublished - 2000 jan 1
Peer review utfördJa