Soil carbon inventories and carbon-13 on a latitude transect in Siberia

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Abstract

We present soil organic carbon (SOC) inventories and carbon isotope compositions from over 900 samples collected in areas of minimally disturbed mature vegetation on freely drained soils (excluding peatlands) on a 1000 km transect along the Yennisey River, central Siberia. Carbon inventories over 0–30 cm depth range widely from 1.71 to 7.05 kg m-2 . While an effect of changing climate or vegetation along the transect cannot be ruled out, the observed differences in SOC inventories are largely the result of variations in mineral soil texture, with inventories in fine-textured soils being approximately double those in coarse-textured soils. The delta13C values of SOC in the 0–5 cm interval ranged from -26.3 to -28.0permil , with delta13C values for the 5–30 cm interval being 0.9 ± 0.8permil (1sigma) enriched in 13C relative to the 0–5 cm samples. The average delta13C value for the 0–5 cm interval for all samples was -27.1 ± 0.6permil (1sigma) and for the full 0–30 cm interval the average was -26.5 ± 0.5permil (1sigma) . In general, delta13C values were higher in coarse-textured soils and lower in fine-textured soils. The results of detailed sampling of soils in Pinus sylvestris forest growing on sand near the Zotino flux tower suggest an SOC inventory in these soils of 2.22 ± 0.35 kg m-2 over 30 cm and an average delta13C value of -26.3 ±0.2permil over the 0–5 cm depth interval and -25.9 ± 0.3permil over 0–30 cm. Recent burning had no effect on SOC inventories, but clearing has led to an average 25% decrease on SOC inventories from 0–30 cm over 12 yr. Neither burning nor clearing had a discernible effect on the delta13C value of SOC.

Detaljer

Författare
  • MI Bird
  • H Santruckova
  • Almut Arneth
  • S Grigoriev
  • G Gleixner
  • YN Kalashnikov
  • J Lloyd
  • ED Schulze
Externa organisationer
  • External Organization - Unknown
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Naturgeografi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)631-641
TidskriftTellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volym54
Utgåva nummer5
StatusPublished - 2002
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa