Soil networks become more connected and take up more carbon as nature restoration progresses

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Soil organisms have an important role in aboveground community dynamics and ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. However, most studies have considered soil biota as a black box or focussed on specific groups, whereas little is known about entire soil networks. Here we show that during the course of nature restoration on abandoned arable land a compositional shift in soil biota, preceded by tightening of the belowground networks, corresponds with enhanced efficiency of carbon uptake. In mid- and long-term abandoned field soil, carbon uptake by fungi increases without an increase in fungal biomass or shift in bacterial-to-fungal ratio. The implication of our findings is that during nature restoration the efficiency of nutrient cycling and carbon uptake can increase by a shift in fungal composition and/or fungal activity. Therefore, we propose that relationships between soil food web structure and carbon cycling in soils need to be reconsidered.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Elly Morriën
  • S. Emilia Hannula
  • L. Basten Snoek
  • Nico R. Helmsing
  • Hans Zweers
  • Mattias de Hollander
  • Raquel Luján Soto
  • Marie Lara Bouffaud
  • Marc Buée
  • Wim Dimmers
  • Henk Duyts
  • Stefan Geisen
  • Mariangela Girlanda
  • Rob I. Griffiths
  • John Jensen
  • Pierre Plassart
  • Dirk Redecker
  • Rudiger M. Schmelz
  • Olaf Schmidt
  • Bruce C. Thomson
  • Emilie Tisserant
  • Stephane Uroz
  • Anne Winding
  • Mark J. Bailey
  • Michael Bonkowski
  • Jack H. Faber
  • Francis Martin
  • Philippe Lemanceau
  • Wietse de Boer
  • Johannes A. Van Veen
  • Wim H. van der Putten
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)
  • Wageningen University
  • University of Cologne
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Aarhus University
  • University of A Coruña
  • University College Dublin
  • Leiden University
  • University of Amsterdam
  • University of Burgundy - Franche-Comté
  • INRA National Institute of Agricultural Research
  • University of Lorraine
  • University of Turin
  • Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection (IPSP)
  • ECT Oekotoxikologie GmbH
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap
  • Klimatforskning
  • Ekologi
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer14349
TidskriftNature Communications
Volym8
StatusPublished - 2017 feb 8
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa