Source contributions to rural carbonaceous winter aerosol in North-Eastern Poland

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title = "Source contributions to rural carbonaceous winter aerosol in North-Eastern Poland",
abstract = "Concentrations of aerosol particles in Poland and their sources are rarely discussed in peer-reviewed journal articles despite serious air quality issues. A source apportionment of carbonaceous aerosol particles was performed during winter at a rural background environment field site in north-eastern Poland. Data were used of light absorption at seven wavelengths and levoglucosan concentrations along existing monitoring of PM2.5, organic carbon and elemental carbon (OC/EC) at the Diabla Gora EMEP monitoring site between January 17 and March 19 during the EMEP intensive winter campaign of 2018. Average PM2.5, OC, EC, equivalent black carbon (eBC) and levoglucosan concentrations and standard deviations amounted to 18.5 ± 9.3, 4.5 ± 2.5, 0.57 ± 0.28, 1.04 ± 0.62 and 0.134 ± 0.084 μg m-3 respectively. Various tools for source apportionment were used to obtain a source contribution to carbonaceous matter (CM) with three components. The wood combustion source component contributed 1.63 μg m-3 (21{\%}), domestic coal combustion 3.3 μg m-3 (41{\%}) and road transport exhaust 2.9 μg m-3 (38{\%}). Similar levels and temporal variability were found for the nearby Lithuanian site of Preila, corroborating the Polish results.",
keywords = "AAE, Aethalometer, BC, Coal combustion, Domestic, Levoglucosan, OC/EC, PM, Source apportionment, Wood combustion",
author = "Adam Kristensson and Stina Ausmeel and Julija Pauraite and Axel Eriksson and Erik Ahlberg and Steigvile Bycenkiene and Anna Deg{\'o}rska",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.3390/atmos11030263",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Atmosphere",
issn = "2073-4433",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "3",