Spatio-temporal evolution of hydroxyapatite crystal thickness at the bone-implant interface

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

A better understanding of bone nanostructure around the bone-implant interface is essential to improve longevity of clinical implants and decrease failure risks. This study investigates the spatio-temporal evolution of mineral crystal thickness and plate orientation in newly formed bone around the surface of a metallic implant. Standardized coin-shaped titanium implants designed with a bone chamber were inserted into rabbit tibiae for 7 and 13 weeks. Scanning measurements with micro-focused small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) were carried out on newly formed bone close to the implant and in control mature cortical bone. Mineral crystals were thinner close to the implant (1.8 ± 0.45 nm at 7 weeks and 2.4 ± 0.57 nm at 13 weeks) than in the control mature bone tissue (2.5 ± 0.21 nm at 7 weeks and 2.8 ± 0.35 nm at 13 weeks), with increasing thickness over healing time (+30 % in 6 weeks). These results are explained by younger bone close to the implant, which matures during osseointegration. Thinner mineral crystals parallel to the implant surface within the first 100 µm close to the implant indicate that the implant affects bone ultrastructure close to the implant, potentially due to heterogeneous interfacial stresses, and suggest a longer maturation process of bone tissue and difficulty in binding to the metal. The bone growth kinetics within the bone chamber was derived from the spatio-temporal evolution of bone tissue's nanostructure, coupled with microtomographic imaging. The findings indicate that understanding mineral crystal thickness or plate orientation can improve our knowledge of osseointegration.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Paul Scherrer Institute
  • University of Paris-Est
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biomedicinsk laboratorievetenskap/teknologi
  • Medicinsk bioteknologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)391-399
Antal sidor9
TidskriftActa Biomaterialia
Volym116
Tidigt onlinedatum2020 sep 13
StatusPublished - 2020 okt 15
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa