Stability and performance of supported Fe-V-oxide catalysts in methanol oxidation

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Stability and performance of supported Fe-V-oxide catalysts in methanol oxidation. / Häggblad, Robert; Massa, Mariano; Andersson, Arne.

I: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 266, Nr. 2, 2009, s. 218-227.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Häggblad, Robert ; Massa, Mariano ; Andersson, Arne. / Stability and performance of supported Fe-V-oxide catalysts in methanol oxidation. I: Journal of Catalysis. 2009 ; Vol. 266, Nr. 2. s. 218-227.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability and performance of supported Fe-V-oxide catalysts in methanol oxidation

AU - Häggblad, Robert

AU - Massa, Mariano

AU - Andersson, Arne

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - As the commercial Fe-Mo-oxide catalyst for methanol oxidation to formaldehyde suffers from deactivation by Mo volatilization, alternative catalysts are of interest. Therefore, TiO2-, alpha-Al2O3- and SiO2-supported (Fe)-V-O catalysts were prepared with loading up to 30 μmol of each metal per msq. surface area of the support. The samples were activity tested using a high inlet concentration of methanol (10 vol.%) and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES). The activity measurements show that the preparations with the highest loads of V give the best performance. With regard to the support, the activity of the supported catalysts decreases in the order TiO2 > Al2O3 > SiO2. According to XPS the surface concentration of V decreases in the same order, confirming that vanadium is an active element. At high methanol conversion, the selectivity to formaldehyde decreases from 90% to 80% in the sequence unsupported FeVO4 > (Fe)VOx/TiO2 = (Fe)VOx/Al2O3 > FeVOx/SiO2 > VOx/SiO2. Iron has only a small effect on the catalytic performance, whereas it has a stabilizing effect on vanadium decreasing its volatility. However, compared with bulk FeVO4, volatilization experiments reveal that the volatilization of V from the supported (Fe)-V-oxide is much severer due to the dispersion and the comparatively low amount of active metal. Our data demonstrate that neither supported V-oxide nor supported Fe-V-oxide is suitable as catalyst in the industrial scale production of formaldehyde by methanol oxidation.

AB - As the commercial Fe-Mo-oxide catalyst for methanol oxidation to formaldehyde suffers from deactivation by Mo volatilization, alternative catalysts are of interest. Therefore, TiO2-, alpha-Al2O3- and SiO2-supported (Fe)-V-O catalysts were prepared with loading up to 30 μmol of each metal per msq. surface area of the support. The samples were activity tested using a high inlet concentration of methanol (10 vol.%) and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES). The activity measurements show that the preparations with the highest loads of V give the best performance. With regard to the support, the activity of the supported catalysts decreases in the order TiO2 > Al2O3 > SiO2. According to XPS the surface concentration of V decreases in the same order, confirming that vanadium is an active element. At high methanol conversion, the selectivity to formaldehyde decreases from 90% to 80% in the sequence unsupported FeVO4 > (Fe)VOx/TiO2 = (Fe)VOx/Al2O3 > FeVOx/SiO2 > VOx/SiO2. Iron has only a small effect on the catalytic performance, whereas it has a stabilizing effect on vanadium decreasing its volatility. However, compared with bulk FeVO4, volatilization experiments reveal that the volatilization of V from the supported (Fe)-V-oxide is much severer due to the dispersion and the comparatively low amount of active metal. Our data demonstrate that neither supported V-oxide nor supported Fe-V-oxide is suitable as catalyst in the industrial scale production of formaldehyde by methanol oxidation.

KW - TiO2

KW - SiO2

KW - alpha-Al2O3

KW - Supported Fe-V-oxide

KW - Formaldehyde

KW - Selective oxidation

KW - Methanol

KW - XRD

KW - XPS

KW - XANES

KW - Volatility

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcat.2009.06.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jcat.2009.06.010

M3 - Article

VL - 266

SP - 218

EP - 227

JO - Journal of Catalysis

JF - Journal of Catalysis

SN - 1090-2694

IS - 2

ER -