Starch granule stabilized Pickering emulsions: an 8-year stability study

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pickering emulsions are known to have advantages over conventional emulsions, in particular, improved and long-term stability against coalescence. This research is an eight-year stability investigation of oil-in-water Pickering emulsions stabilized by quinoa starch granules modified by octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA). Two different concentrations of starch (i.e. 200 and 600 mg mL−1 based on oil) were used at oil fraction (ϕ) of 0.1. The emulsions were prepared using a high-pressure homogenizer. The emulsions were stored in a refrigerator (at 6 °C) and evaluated using particle size analyzer over the storage period and light microscopy at the end of the storage period. RESULTS: Starch granule stabilized Pickering emulsions produced by a high-pressure homogenizer displayed remarkable storage stability over the eight years with no indication of coalescence. In addition, the results showed that increasing the concentration of starch granules resulted in a decrease in droplet sizes. The sizes measured by the particle size analyzer showed a decline over the storage period which was due to dissociation of some networks of aggregated droplets that, in addition to representing smaller droplet sizes, resulted in the release of free and unbound starch entrapped in these networks. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that Pickering emulsions produced by OSA modified starch granules from quinoa can be used in practical applications for the development of highly stable formulations when prolonged storage is required.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

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Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 jan 23
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa