Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra

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Stomping in silence : Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra. / Tuomi, Maria; Väisänen, Maria; Ylänne, Henni; Brearley, Francis Q.; Barrio, Isabel C.; Anne Bråthen, Kari; Eischeid, Isabell; Forbes, Bruce C.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S.; Kolstad, Anders L.; Macek, Petr; Petit Bon, Matteo; Speed, James D.M.; Stark, Sari; Svavarsdóttir, Kristin; Thórsson, Jóhann; Bueno, C. Guillermo.

I: Functional Ecology, Vol. 35, Nr. 2, 2021, s. 306-317.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Harvard

Tuomi, M, Väisänen, M, Ylänne, H, Brearley, FQ, Barrio, IC, Anne Bråthen, K, Eischeid, I, Forbes, BC, Jónsdóttir, IS, Kolstad, AL, Macek, P, Petit Bon, M, Speed, JDM, Stark, S, Svavarsdóttir, K, Thórsson, J & Bueno, CG 2021, 'Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra', Functional Ecology, vol. 35, nr. 2, s. 306-317. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13719

APA

Tuomi, M., Väisänen, M., Ylänne, H., Brearley, F. Q., Barrio, I. C., Anne Bråthen, K., Eischeid, I., Forbes, B. C., Jónsdóttir, I. S., Kolstad, A. L., Macek, P., Petit Bon, M., Speed, J. D. M., Stark, S., Svavarsdóttir, K., Thórsson, J., & Bueno, C. G. (2021). Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra. Functional Ecology, 35(2), 306-317. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13719

CBE

Tuomi M, Väisänen M, Ylänne H, Brearley FQ, Barrio IC, Anne Bråthen K, Eischeid I, Forbes BC, Jónsdóttir IS, Kolstad AL, Macek P, Petit Bon M, Speed JDM, Stark S, Svavarsdóttir K, Thórsson J, Bueno CG. 2021. Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra. Functional Ecology. 35(2):306-317. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13719

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Tuomi, Maria ; Väisänen, Maria ; Ylänne, Henni ; Brearley, Francis Q. ; Barrio, Isabel C. ; Anne Bråthen, Kari ; Eischeid, Isabell ; Forbes, Bruce C. ; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S. ; Kolstad, Anders L. ; Macek, Petr ; Petit Bon, Matteo ; Speed, James D.M. ; Stark, Sari ; Svavarsdóttir, Kristin ; Thórsson, Jóhann ; Bueno, C. Guillermo. / Stomping in silence : Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra. I: Functional Ecology. 2021 ; Vol. 35, Nr. 2. s. 306-317.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stomping in silence

T2 - Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundra

AU - Tuomi, Maria

AU - Väisänen, Maria

AU - Ylänne, Henni

AU - Brearley, Francis Q.

AU - Barrio, Isabel C.

AU - Anne Bråthen, Kari

AU - Eischeid, Isabell

AU - Forbes, Bruce C.

AU - Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S.

AU - Kolstad, Anders L.

AU - Macek, Petr

AU - Petit Bon, Matteo

AU - Speed, James D.M.

AU - Stark, Sari

AU - Svavarsdóttir, Kristin

AU - Thórsson, Jóhann

AU - Bueno, C. Guillermo

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Ungulate trampling modifies soils and interlinked ecosystem functions across biomes. Until today, most research has focused on temperate ecosystems and mineral soils while trampling effects on cold and organic matter-rich tundra soils remain largely unknown. We aimed to develop a general model of trampling effects on soil structure, biota, microclimate and biogeochemical processes, with a particular focus on polar tundra soils. To reach this goal, we reviewed literature about the effects of trampling and physical disturbances on soils across biomes and used this to discuss the knowns and unknowns of trampling effects on tundra soils. We identified the following four pathways through which trampling affects soils: (a) soil compaction; (b) reductions in soil fauna and fungi; (c) rapid losses in vegetation biomass and cover; and (d) longer term shifts in vegetation community composition. We found that, in polar tundra, soil responses to trampling pathways 1 and 3 could be characterized by nonlinear dynamics and tundra-specific context dependencies that we formulated into testable hypotheses. In conclusion, trampling may affect tundra soil significantly but many direct, interacting and cascading responses remain unknown. We call for research to advance the understanding of trampling effects on soils to support informed efforts to manage and predict the functioning of tundra systems under global changes. A free Plain Language Summary can be found within the Supporting Information of this article.

AB - Ungulate trampling modifies soils and interlinked ecosystem functions across biomes. Until today, most research has focused on temperate ecosystems and mineral soils while trampling effects on cold and organic matter-rich tundra soils remain largely unknown. We aimed to develop a general model of trampling effects on soil structure, biota, microclimate and biogeochemical processes, with a particular focus on polar tundra soils. To reach this goal, we reviewed literature about the effects of trampling and physical disturbances on soils across biomes and used this to discuss the knowns and unknowns of trampling effects on tundra soils. We identified the following four pathways through which trampling affects soils: (a) soil compaction; (b) reductions in soil fauna and fungi; (c) rapid losses in vegetation biomass and cover; and (d) longer term shifts in vegetation community composition. We found that, in polar tundra, soil responses to trampling pathways 1 and 3 could be characterized by nonlinear dynamics and tundra-specific context dependencies that we formulated into testable hypotheses. In conclusion, trampling may affect tundra soil significantly but many direct, interacting and cascading responses remain unknown. We call for research to advance the understanding of trampling effects on soils to support informed efforts to manage and predict the functioning of tundra systems under global changes. A free Plain Language Summary can be found within the Supporting Information of this article.

KW - Arctic ecosystems

KW - grazing

KW - herbivore–soil interactions

KW - herbivory

KW - non-trophic interactions

KW - physical disturbance

KW - treading

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2435.13719

DO - 10.1111/1365-2435.13719

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85097301915

VL - 35

SP - 306

EP - 317

JO - Functional Ecology

JF - Functional Ecology

SN - 1365-2435

IS - 2

ER -