Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes

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Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes. / Wolfe, Alexander P.; Hobbs, William O.; Birks, Hilary H.; Briner, Jason P.; Holmgren, Sofia; Ingolfsson, Olafur; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Miller, Gifford H.; Pagani, Mark; Saros, Jasmine E.; Vinebrooke, Rolf D.

I: Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 116, 2013, s. 17-34.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Wolfe, AP, Hobbs, WO, Birks, HH, Briner, JP, Holmgren, S, Ingolfsson, O, Kaushal, SS, Miller, GH, Pagani, M, Saros, JE & Vinebrooke, RD 2013, 'Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes', Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 116, s. 17-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001

APA

Wolfe, A. P., Hobbs, W. O., Birks, H. H., Briner, J. P., Holmgren, S., Ingolfsson, O., ... Vinebrooke, R. D. (2013). Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes. Earth-Science Reviews, 116, 17-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001

CBE

Wolfe AP, Hobbs WO, Birks HH, Briner JP, Holmgren S, Ingolfsson O, Kaushal SS, Miller GH, Pagani M, Saros JE, Vinebrooke RD. 2013. Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes. Earth-Science Reviews. 116:17-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Wolfe, Alexander P. ; Hobbs, William O. ; Birks, Hilary H. ; Briner, Jason P. ; Holmgren, Sofia ; Ingolfsson, Olafur ; Kaushal, Sujay S. ; Miller, Gifford H. ; Pagani, Mark ; Saros, Jasmine E. ; Vinebrooke, Rolf D. / Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes. I: Earth-Science Reviews. 2013 ; Vol. 116. s. 17-34.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes

AU - Wolfe, Alexander P.

AU - Hobbs, William O.

AU - Birks, Hilary H.

AU - Briner, Jason P.

AU - Holmgren, Sofia

AU - Ingolfsson, Olafur

AU - Kaushal, Sujay S.

AU - Miller, Gifford H.

AU - Pagani, Mark

AU - Saros, Jasmine E.

AU - Vinebrooke, Rolf D.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Stratigraphic boundaries are ideally defined by distinct lithological, geochemical, and palaeobiological signatures, to which a chronological framework can be applied. We present a range of observations that illustrate how the Holocene-Anthropocene transition meets these criteria in its expression in sediments from remote arctic and alpine lakes, removed from direct, catchment-scale, anthropogenic influences. In glaciated lake basins, the retreat of glaciers commonly leads to lithological successions from proglacial clastic sedimentation to non-glacial organic deposition. Sediments from the majority of lakes record marked depletions in the nitrogen stable isotopic composition of sediment organic matter, reflecting anthropogenic influences on the global nitrogen cycle. In all cases, siliceous microfossil assemblages (diatoms and chrysophytes) change markedly and directionally, with regional nuances. These stratigraphic fingerprints begin to appear in the sediment record after AD 1850, but accelerate in pulses between AD 1950 and 1970 and again after AD 1980. Our review indicates that recent environmental changes associated with humankind's dominance of key global biogeochemical cycles are sufficiently pervasive to be imprinted on the sediment record of remote lakes. Moreover, these changes are of sufficient magnitude to conclude that the Holocene has effectively ended, and that the concept of Anthropocene more aptly describes current planetary dynamics. The synthesis of these observations pertains directly to ongoing discussions concerning the eventual formalization of a new stratigraphic boundary. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Stratigraphic boundaries are ideally defined by distinct lithological, geochemical, and palaeobiological signatures, to which a chronological framework can be applied. We present a range of observations that illustrate how the Holocene-Anthropocene transition meets these criteria in its expression in sediments from remote arctic and alpine lakes, removed from direct, catchment-scale, anthropogenic influences. In glaciated lake basins, the retreat of glaciers commonly leads to lithological successions from proglacial clastic sedimentation to non-glacial organic deposition. Sediments from the majority of lakes record marked depletions in the nitrogen stable isotopic composition of sediment organic matter, reflecting anthropogenic influences on the global nitrogen cycle. In all cases, siliceous microfossil assemblages (diatoms and chrysophytes) change markedly and directionally, with regional nuances. These stratigraphic fingerprints begin to appear in the sediment record after AD 1850, but accelerate in pulses between AD 1950 and 1970 and again after AD 1980. Our review indicates that recent environmental changes associated with humankind's dominance of key global biogeochemical cycles are sufficiently pervasive to be imprinted on the sediment record of remote lakes. Moreover, these changes are of sufficient magnitude to conclude that the Holocene has effectively ended, and that the concept of Anthropocene more aptly describes current planetary dynamics. The synthesis of these observations pertains directly to ongoing discussions concerning the eventual formalization of a new stratigraphic boundary. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Anthropocene

KW - Holocene

KW - Diatoms

KW - Nitrogen stable isotopes

KW - Palaeolimnology

U2 - 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001

DO - 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001

M3 - Article

VL - 116

SP - 17

EP - 34

JO - Earth-Science Reviews

T2 - Earth-Science Reviews

JF - Earth-Science Reviews

SN - 1872-6828

ER -