Structured physical exercise and recovery from first episode psychosis in young adults, the FitForLife study

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Abstract

Optimising autonomy is increasingly important in recovery from psychosis. To date, physical exercise has shown promise in the treatment of severe, enduring mental illnesses including psychosis - when used as an adjunct treatment. To assess the association between physical exercise and autonomy in young adults, a simple pre-post experimental design was utilised. Individuals aged 18–35 years, treated at one of three specialist outpatient units for first-episode psychosis in Stockholm, Sweden were invited to participate in a 12-week programme of structured group exercise. Autonomy was measured using four questions from the Camberwell Assessment of Needs questionnaire (physical health, social and close relationship and daily tasks). Comparisons were made between: ‘no attendance’ and ‘any attendance’. The latter group was bisected into higher and lower categories. Ninety-four participants enrolled with a post-intervention response rate of 61%. Significant reductions were seen in self-rated needs for care, though there was no significant change in total scores or evidence of a dose response association. The results suggest a plausible association between physical exercise and autonomy which may represent the recovery process following the first episode of psychosis. Further randomised control trials are needed to explore the potential causality and robustness of this change.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Karolinska Institute
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykiatri
  • Sjukgymnastik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)346-353
Antal sidor8
TidskriftPsychiatry Research
Volym267
StatusPublished - 2018 sep 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa