Structure-function relationship for CO 2 methanation over ceria supported Rh and Ni catalysts under atmospheric pressure conditions
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
In situ structural and chemical state characterization of Rh/CeO 2 and Ni/CeO 2 catalysts during atmospheric pressure CO 2 methanation has been performed by a combined array of time-resolved analytical techniques including ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, high-energy X-ray diffraction and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy. The ceria phase is partially reduced during the CO 2 methanation and in particular Ce 3+ species seem to facilitate activation of CO 2 molecules. The activated CO 2 molecules then react with atomic hydrogen provided from H 2 dissociation on Rh and Ni sites to form formate species. For the most active catalyst (Rh/CeO 2 ), transmission electron microscopy measurements show that the Rh nanoparticles are small (average 4 nm, but with a long tail towards smaller particles) due to a strong interaction between Rh particles and the ceria phase. In contrast, larger nanoparticles were observed for the Ni/CeO 2 catalyst (average 6 nm, with no crystallites below 5 nm found), suggesting a weaker interaction with the ceria phase. The higher selectivity towards methane of Rh/CeO 2 is proposed to be due to the stronger metal-support interaction.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||Catalysis Science and Technology|
|Status||Published - 2019|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|